Effect on product formation in recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains expressing different levels of xylose metabolic genes.Chin J Biotechnol. 1997; 13(4):225-31.CJ
The XYL1 and XYL2 genes from Pichia stipitis encoding xylose reductase (XR) and xylilitol dehydrogenase (XDH), respectively, were transformed into Saccharomyces cerevisiae. These two genes were placed in different directions under the control of the alcohol dehydrogenase I (ADHI) and phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK) promoters and inserted into the E. coli-yeast shuttle plasmid YEp24. Different recombinant S. cerevisiae strains were constructed with different specific activities of XR and XDH. The highest XR or XDH activities were obtained when the expressed gene was controlled by the PGK promoter and located downstream after the ADHI promoter-gene-terminator sequence. The XR/XDH ratio (ratio of specific enzyme activities of XR and XDH) in these recombinant S. cerevisiae strains varied from 17.5 to 0.06. In order to enhance xylose utilization, in the XYL1, XYL2 containing S. cerevisiae strains, the native TKL1 gene encoding transketolase and the TALI gene encoding transaldolase were also overexpressed, which showed considerably good growth on the xylose plate. Fermentation of the recombinant S. cerevisiae strains containing XYL1, XYL2, TKL1, and TAL1 were studied with mixtures of glucose and xylose. The strain with XR/XDH ratio of 0.06 consumed 3.25 g/L xylose and formed no xylitol and less glycerol and acetic acid, but more ethanol compared with the strains with a higher XR/XDH ratio.