Alcohol intake and risk of cancers of the colon and rectum.Nutr Cancer. 1998; 30(3):213-9.NC
The relationship between alcohol drinking (mainly wine) and risk of colon and rectal cancer was considered in a case-control study conducted between 1991 and 1996 in six Italian centers. Cases were 1,225 patients < 75 years of age with histologically confirmed cancer of the colon and 728 patients with cancer of the rectum; controls were 4,154 patients admitted to hospital for a wide spectrum of acute, nonneoplastic diseases. Compared with never drinkers, the odds ratios (OR) for current drinkers in the higher quintile of total alcohol intake (> 51.82 g ethanol/day) were 1.01 for colon cancer and 0.90 for rectal cancer, and those for ex-drinkers were 1.20 and 1.07, respectively. The OR for wine drinkers in the highest quartile of intake were 1.07 for colon cancer and 0.97 for rectal cancer. No association was found with duration of the habit, time since starting, or age at starting. Among ex-drinkers, no association appeared with time since stopping. No significant heterogeneity was found across strata of age at diagnosis, sex, education, smoking status, physical activity, family history of colorectal cancer, beta-carotene, vitamin C, coffee, total fiber and folate intake, and number of meals per day. No significant association appeared for various intestinal subsites.