Plasma and lipoprotein lipid composition and hepatic antioxidant status in spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) and normotensive (WKY) rats.Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1998 Feb; 76(2):202-9.CJ
Plasma and lipoprotein lipid composition and endogenous hepatic antioxidant status were investigated in hypertensive, 14-week-old spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats fed a standard commercial rat chow. Total plasma calcium and magnesium concentrations were similar between both rat strains; however, systolic blood pressure in SHR was greater than in WKY at 13 weeks of age (197 +/- 12 vs. 132 +/- 14 mmHg; p < or = 0.05), confirming hypertension in SHR. Total plasma cholesterol and triacylglycerol concentrations were lower (p < or = 0.05) in SHR compared with WKY. A lower (p < 0.05) HDL cholesterol level in SHR plasma resulted in a higher LDL to HDL cholesterol ratio compared with WKY counterparts. No significant differences in the relative proportion of HDL apolipoprotein A-I fraction were observed between SHR and WKY. Both SHR VLDL and HDL triacylglycerol fractions were lower (p < 0.05) in SHR than WKY. Analysis of liver antioxidant enzyme activities showed no differences in rat liver superoxide dismutase (SOD), but lower (p < 0.05) liver glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity in SHR. However, liver glutathione (GSH) levels were similar in SHR and WKY counterparts. A possible compensatory effect to the oxidative status of SHR was suggested by the significant (p < 0.05) increase in both liver catalase (CAT) and glutathione reductase (GSSG-Red) activities. Despite these results, in vitro oxidative challenge studies with H2O2 demonstrated a greater susceptibility of liver to GSH depletion in the SHR, although no parallel change in thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) production was observed. The comparatively lower plasma cholesterol observed in hypertensive SHR paralleled specific differences in liver catalase and glutathione redox antioxidant enzyme activities.