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Cryptosporidium and other parasites in Ethiopian AIDS patients with chronic diarrhoea.
East Afr Med J. 1998 Feb; 75(2):100-1.EA

Abstract

Previous studies in other African countries have shown high prevalences of Isospora belli and Cryptosporidium parvum infections in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients with chronic diarrhoea. However, there is lack of information regarding these infectious agents in Ethiopian AIDS patients. Thus, this investigation has been aimed at determining the prevalence of Cryptosporidium and other related gastrointestinal parasites in AIDS patients with diarrhoea in seven Addis Ababa hospitals. Stool specimens from 246 clinically diagnosed AIDS patients were parasitologically screened for parasitic infections constituting HIV-negative with diarrhoea and HIV-positive without diarrhoea control groups. A variety of intestinal protozoa and helminths were found in 50% of AIDS patients and 42% of the controls. Cryptosporidiosis was detected in 38(25.9%), Isosporiasis in two (1.4%), and Blastocystosis in one (0.7%) of the AIDS patients with diarrhoea. The occurrence of cryptosporidiosis among the AIDS patients and possible explanation of the increasingly high study subjects with diarrhoea but without identifiable parasites is discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Infectious and other Diseases Research, Ethiopian Health and Nutrition Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9640833

Citation

Fisseha, B, et al. "Cryptosporidium and Other Parasites in Ethiopian AIDS Patients With Chronic Diarrhoea." East African Medical Journal, vol. 75, no. 2, 1998, pp. 100-1.
Fisseha B, Petros B, WoldeMichael T. Cryptosporidium and other parasites in Ethiopian AIDS patients with chronic diarrhoea. East Afr Med J. 1998;75(2):100-1.
Fisseha, B., Petros, B., & WoldeMichael, T. (1998). Cryptosporidium and other parasites in Ethiopian AIDS patients with chronic diarrhoea. East African Medical Journal, 75(2), 100-1.
Fisseha B, Petros B, WoldeMichael T. Cryptosporidium and Other Parasites in Ethiopian AIDS Patients With Chronic Diarrhoea. East Afr Med J. 1998;75(2):100-1. PubMed PMID: 9640833.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cryptosporidium and other parasites in Ethiopian AIDS patients with chronic diarrhoea. AU - Fisseha,B, AU - Petros,B, AU - WoldeMichael,T, PY - 1998/6/26/pubmed PY - 1998/6/26/medline PY - 1998/6/26/entrez SP - 100 EP - 1 JF - East African medical journal JO - East Afr Med J VL - 75 IS - 2 N2 - Previous studies in other African countries have shown high prevalences of Isospora belli and Cryptosporidium parvum infections in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients with chronic diarrhoea. However, there is lack of information regarding these infectious agents in Ethiopian AIDS patients. Thus, this investigation has been aimed at determining the prevalence of Cryptosporidium and other related gastrointestinal parasites in AIDS patients with diarrhoea in seven Addis Ababa hospitals. Stool specimens from 246 clinically diagnosed AIDS patients were parasitologically screened for parasitic infections constituting HIV-negative with diarrhoea and HIV-positive without diarrhoea control groups. A variety of intestinal protozoa and helminths were found in 50% of AIDS patients and 42% of the controls. Cryptosporidiosis was detected in 38(25.9%), Isosporiasis in two (1.4%), and Blastocystosis in one (0.7%) of the AIDS patients with diarrhoea. The occurrence of cryptosporidiosis among the AIDS patients and possible explanation of the increasingly high study subjects with diarrhoea but without identifiable parasites is discussed. SN - 0012-835X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9640833/Cryptosporidium_and_other_parasites_in_Ethiopian_AIDS_patients_with_chronic_diarrhoea_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/279 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -