Paget's disease of bone.J Bone Miner Res. 1998 Jul; 13(7):1061-5.JB
Paget's disease of bone is a localized disorder of bone remodeling. Increased numbers of larger than normal osteoclasts initiate the process at affected skeletal sites, and the increase in bone resorption is followed by an increase in new bone formation, altering bone architecture. The signs and symptoms of Paget's disease are varied, depending in part on the location of the involved sites and the degree of increased bone turnover. Recent progress in Paget's disease research includes new data regarding the etiology of this disorder and the ongoing development of more effective therapies. Although the cause of Paget's disease remains unproven, the creation of pagetic osteoclasts seems ever more likely to result from both genetic and environmental factors. Many studies indicate that in patients with Paget's disease, both osteoclasts and their precursors harbor evidence of a paramyxovirus infection, although not all studies confirm this finding. Very recent genetic investigations have identified one candidate gene on chromosome 18q, although genetic heterogeneity is almost certainly present. Advances in treatment have resulted from the availability of several potent bisphosphonate compounds (e.g., pamidronate, alendronate, and risedronate) that, unlike earlier treatments, produce normal or near normal bone turnover indices in a majority of patients. New bone formation after such treatment has a more normal, lamellar pattern, and mineralization abnormalities are rare to absent with the newer compounds. The availability of such agents has prompted a more aggressive management philosophy in which both symptomatic disease and also asymptomatic disease at sites with a risk of progression and future complications are viewed as clear indications for pharmacologic intervention.