Effect of long-term salmeterol treatment on exercise-induced asthma.N Engl J Med. 1998 Jul 16; 339(3):141-6.NEJM
With long-term administration of salmeterol, the extent of protection afforded by the drug against experimental precipitants of asthma such as methacholine and adenosine may decrease. Whether this effect extends to a clinically relevant stimulus such as exercise is unknown.
We performed a random-order, double-blind, crossover trial in 20 patients with exercise-induced asthma. Each patient received inhaled salmeterol or placebo twice daily for a month, with a one-week washout period between treatments. The patients performed cycle ergometry while breathing frigid air 30 minutes after the morning dose and 9 hours later on the 1st, 14th, and 29th study days. The primary end point was the extent of the decrease in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) 10 minutes after exertion.
With placebo, significant airway narrowing developed at all times (mean [+/-SE] decrease from base line in FEV1, 19+/-2 percent in the morning and 18+/-2 percent in the evening). The morning dose of salmeterol attenuated the degree of bronchoconstriction at all times (decrease in FEV1 on day 1, 5+/-2 percent; on day 14, 10+/-3 percent; and on day 29, 9+/-3 percent; P=0.10). Its ability to act throughout the day, however, decreased with long-term administration (decrease in FEV1 from morning to evening on day 1, 6+/-2 percent; on day 14, 15+/-3 percent; and on day 29, 14+/-3 percent; P=0.003).
Protection against exercise-induced asthma is maintained with long-term administration of salmeterol, but the length of time that the drug remains active after a single dose decreases.