Proglucagon and glucose transporter mRNA is altered by diet and disease susceptibility in 30-day-old biobreeding (BB) diabetes-prone and normal rats.Pediatr Res 1998; 44(1):68-73PR
Diet is an important factor influencing the development of diabetes in the Biobreeding (BB) rat. Changes in gut development and absorption of nutrients in the diabetes-prone rat (Bbdp) and the subsequent effect on pancreatic function may play a role in the ultimate development of the disease. BBdp and normal (BBn) dams were fed one of three diets, chow or semipurified diets containing either soy or casein as the protein source. Pups were weaned at 21 d onto the same diet as their respective dam and killed at 30 d. Chow-fed BBn animals weighed significantly more than casein- or soy-fed BBn animals. Chow-fed BBdp had significantly greater small intestine and colon weight when expressed on a per body weight basis than BBn. With all three diets, BBdp animals had significantly lower colonic proglucagon mRNA abundance than did BBn animals. Adjusting for total colonic RNA content resulted in only casein- and soy-fed BBdp animals demonstrating significantly lower colonic proglucagon mRNA abundance than did BBn animals. BBn animals had higher levels of sodium-dependent D-glucose cotransporter (SGLT)-1 and sodium-independent glucose transporter (GLUT) 5 mRNA than did BBdp. Within BBn animals, casein and soy produced significantly lower levels of SGLT-1 and GLUT5 mRNA than did chow. This study demonstrates that BBn and BBdp animals respond differently to chow versus semipurified weaning diets. These differences may explain the differences in growth and intestinal development among the BBdp and BBn strains weaned onto different diets.