Efficacy and safety of three 7-day Helicobacter pylori eradication regimens containing ranitidine bismuth citrate.Aliment Pharmacol Ther 1998; 12(6):533-7AP
This multicentre, randomized study was designed to assess the clinical efficacy, safety and tolerability of three novel 7-day triple therapies containing ranitidine bismuth citrate (RBC) and two antibiotics.
We studied patients with non-ulcer dyspepsia and gastritis who were randomly assigned to one of three treatment regimens given for 7 days in a b.d. dosing schedule: RBC 400 mg plus clarithromycin 250 mg and tinidazole 500 mg (RBCCT): RBC 400 mg plus clarithromycin 500 mg and amoxycillin 1 g (RBCCA); RBC 400 mg plus tinidazole 500 mg and amoxycillin 1 g (RBCTA). H. pylori status was determined by CLO-test, histology and 13C-urea breath test. A repeat breath test was performed at least 28 days after completion of therapy to assess eradication.
One hundred and fifty-seven patients were eligible for intention-to-treat analysis (ITT) and 140 patients completed the study and returned for assessment of eradication. Intention-to-treat cure rates were 78% with RBCCT, 71% with RBCCA and 61% with RBCTA. An all-patients-treated analysis (APT), performed on evaluable patients, demonstrated eradication rates of 85% with RBCCT, 81% with RBCCA and 70% with RBCTA. No statistically significant difference was found between treatment groups. Twenty-four patients experienced side-effects, but in only seven cases was treatment discontinued due to adverse events.
A 7-day course of RBC, clarithromycin and either tinidazole or amoxycillin provides a good rate of H. pylori eradication. Three novel RBC-based triple therapies proved to be safe and well tolerated, with discontinuations due to side-effects occurring in less than 5% of cases.