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Cognitive deficits of mild dementia: A comparison between dementia of the Alzheimer's type and vascular dementia.
Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 1998 Feb; 52(1):87-91.PC

Abstract

This study was designed to examine the profiles of cognitive deficits in 11 mildly demented patients with dementia of Alzheimer's type (DAT), five with vascular dementia with multiple subcortical lacunar infarcts (VDS), and seven with vascular dementia with extensive white matter lesions (VDW) in comparison with 23 aged individuals without dementia. Memory, attention, abstract thinking, and visuospatial function were assessed using the Japanese translation of the Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised (WMS-R) and the Japanese version of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R). Compared with normal aged individuals, three dementia groups were significantly impaired in the memory and abstract thinking. However, the performances on several tests on attention (i.e. Mental Control and Visual Memory Span Backward from WMS-R) and visuospatial function (i.e. Object Assembly from WAIS-R) differed significantly between the DAT and VDS groups, with VDS being the worst in terms of performance than was DAT. This study suggests that, in the mildly demented stage, the patients with DAT have few problems in the attention and visuospatial function, but those with VDS have impairments in these cognitive abilities.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education, Tokyo Gakugei University, Japan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9682939

Citation

Matsuda, O, et al. "Cognitive Deficits of Mild Dementia: a Comparison Between Dementia of the Alzheimer's Type and Vascular Dementia." Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, vol. 52, no. 1, 1998, pp. 87-91.
Matsuda O, Saito M, Sugishita M. Cognitive deficits of mild dementia: A comparison between dementia of the Alzheimer's type and vascular dementia. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 1998;52(1):87-91.
Matsuda, O., Saito, M., & Sugishita, M. (1998). Cognitive deficits of mild dementia: A comparison between dementia of the Alzheimer's type and vascular dementia. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 52(1), 87-91.
Matsuda O, Saito M, Sugishita M. Cognitive Deficits of Mild Dementia: a Comparison Between Dementia of the Alzheimer's Type and Vascular Dementia. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 1998;52(1):87-91. PubMed PMID: 9682939.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cognitive deficits of mild dementia: A comparison between dementia of the Alzheimer's type and vascular dementia. AU - Matsuda,O, AU - Saito,M, AU - Sugishita,M, PY - 1998/7/31/pubmed PY - 1998/7/31/medline PY - 1998/7/31/entrez SP - 87 EP - 91 JF - Psychiatry and clinical neurosciences JO - Psychiatry Clin. Neurosci. VL - 52 IS - 1 N2 - This study was designed to examine the profiles of cognitive deficits in 11 mildly demented patients with dementia of Alzheimer's type (DAT), five with vascular dementia with multiple subcortical lacunar infarcts (VDS), and seven with vascular dementia with extensive white matter lesions (VDW) in comparison with 23 aged individuals without dementia. Memory, attention, abstract thinking, and visuospatial function were assessed using the Japanese translation of the Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised (WMS-R) and the Japanese version of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R). Compared with normal aged individuals, three dementia groups were significantly impaired in the memory and abstract thinking. However, the performances on several tests on attention (i.e. Mental Control and Visual Memory Span Backward from WMS-R) and visuospatial function (i.e. Object Assembly from WAIS-R) differed significantly between the DAT and VDS groups, with VDS being the worst in terms of performance than was DAT. This study suggests that, in the mildly demented stage, the patients with DAT have few problems in the attention and visuospatial function, but those with VDS have impairments in these cognitive abilities. SN - 1323-1316 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9682939/Cognitive_deficits_of_mild_dementia:_A_comparison_between_dementia_of_the_Alzheimer's_type_and_vascular_dementia_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=1323-1316&date=1998&volume=52&issue=1&spage=87 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -