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Cognitive function, iron status, and hemoglobin concentration in obese dieting women.
Eur J Clin Nutr 1998; 52(7):512-8EJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To determine the relationships between cognitive function and iron status in dieting obese women.

DESIGN

Longitudinal weight loss study (repeated measures within-subject design) with 3 weeks of baseline, 15 weeks of 50% caloric restriction, and 3 weeks of weight stabilization. Dietary iron was fed at twice the US Recommended Dietary Allowance with half of the iron from food sources and half from an oral supplement.

SETTING

This was a free-living study with the exception that subjects came to the research center for one meal per day and were provided all other meals and snacks to take home.

SUBJECTS

Healthy, premenopausal, obese women (mean BMI=31.5) were recruited through local newspaper, poster and radio advertising. Twenty-four women volunteers were recruited and 14 completed the study.

MEASUREMENTS

Cognitive function, iron and hematological status, height, body weights and body composition were measured at baseline; at weeks 5, 10, and 15 of the energy restriction period; and at the end of weight stabilization. Computerized cognitive tests included: Bakan vigilance task, two finger tapping, simple reaction time, immediate word recall, and a focused attention task. Iron status and hematological measures included: serum iron, total iron binding capacity (TIBC), transferrin saturation, serum ferritin, hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit, red cell count, MCV, MCH, MCHC, and RDW.

RESULTS

A significant reduction in Hb, hematocrit, and red blood cell count occurred across the study. Hb at the end of the study was positively correlated (r=0.72, P < 0.01) with mean performance on a measure of sustained attention. Transferrin saturation also correlated positively to sustained attention task performance for those subjects whose Hb declined across the study (r=0.86, P < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS

These findings suggest that dieting diminishes iron status in obese women, even when sufficient dietary iron is available, and that the inability to sustain attention may be an early sign of developing iron deficiency in dieting women.

Authors+Show Affiliations

The US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Western Human Nutrition Research Center, Presidio of San Francisco, California 94129, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9683334

Citation

Kretsch, M J., et al. "Cognitive Function, Iron Status, and Hemoglobin Concentration in Obese Dieting Women." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 52, no. 7, 1998, pp. 512-8.
Kretsch MJ, Fong AK, Green MW, et al. Cognitive function, iron status, and hemoglobin concentration in obese dieting women. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1998;52(7):512-8.
Kretsch, M. J., Fong, A. K., Green, M. W., & Johnson, H. L. (1998). Cognitive function, iron status, and hemoglobin concentration in obese dieting women. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 52(7), pp. 512-8.
Kretsch MJ, et al. Cognitive Function, Iron Status, and Hemoglobin Concentration in Obese Dieting Women. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1998;52(7):512-8. PubMed PMID: 9683334.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cognitive function, iron status, and hemoglobin concentration in obese dieting women. AU - Kretsch,M J, AU - Fong,A K, AU - Green,M W, AU - Johnson,H L, PY - 1998/7/31/pubmed PY - 1998/7/31/medline PY - 1998/7/31/entrez SP - 512 EP - 8 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 52 IS - 7 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationships between cognitive function and iron status in dieting obese women. DESIGN: Longitudinal weight loss study (repeated measures within-subject design) with 3 weeks of baseline, 15 weeks of 50% caloric restriction, and 3 weeks of weight stabilization. Dietary iron was fed at twice the US Recommended Dietary Allowance with half of the iron from food sources and half from an oral supplement. SETTING: This was a free-living study with the exception that subjects came to the research center for one meal per day and were provided all other meals and snacks to take home. SUBJECTS: Healthy, premenopausal, obese women (mean BMI=31.5) were recruited through local newspaper, poster and radio advertising. Twenty-four women volunteers were recruited and 14 completed the study. MEASUREMENTS: Cognitive function, iron and hematological status, height, body weights and body composition were measured at baseline; at weeks 5, 10, and 15 of the energy restriction period; and at the end of weight stabilization. Computerized cognitive tests included: Bakan vigilance task, two finger tapping, simple reaction time, immediate word recall, and a focused attention task. Iron status and hematological measures included: serum iron, total iron binding capacity (TIBC), transferrin saturation, serum ferritin, hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit, red cell count, MCV, MCH, MCHC, and RDW. RESULTS: A significant reduction in Hb, hematocrit, and red blood cell count occurred across the study. Hb at the end of the study was positively correlated (r=0.72, P < 0.01) with mean performance on a measure of sustained attention. Transferrin saturation also correlated positively to sustained attention task performance for those subjects whose Hb declined across the study (r=0.86, P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that dieting diminishes iron status in obese women, even when sufficient dietary iron is available, and that the inability to sustain attention may be an early sign of developing iron deficiency in dieting women. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9683334/Cognitive_function_iron_status_and_hemoglobin_concentration_in_obese_dieting_women_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/obesity.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -