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Determining factors in the iron status of adult women in the SU.VI.MAX study. SUpplementation en VItamines et Minéraux AntioXydants.
Eur J Clin Nutr. 1998 Jun; 52(6):383-8.EJ

Abstract

The iron status of a national sample of adults living in France and participating in the SU.VI.MAX cohort, was assessed using serum ferritin and hemoglobin concentrations. Complete data were obtained for 6648 women 35-60 y old and for 3283 men 45-60 y old. Assessment of iron dietary intakes was realized on a subsample of 3111 women and 2337 men who reported six 24 h dietary records during a one-year period; 22.7% of menstruating women and 5.3% of post-menopausal women presented a total depletion of iron stores (serum ferritin < 15 microg/l). Iron-deficient anemias were found in, respectively, 4.4% and less than 1% of these women. Three-quarters of the anemias were related to iron deficiency in menstruating women. In men, iron depletion and iron deficiency anemia were very rare. Post-menopausal women had much higher serum ferritin levels than menstruating women. In menstruating women, those using intrauterine devices had significantly lower serum ferritin levels than those without contraception, and much lower than those using oral contraception. The frequency of iron depletion reached 28.1% in women using intrauterine devices, but only 13.6% in those using oral contraceptives. The mean iron intake was 16.7 +/- 5.7 mg/d in men and 12.3 +/- 3.4 mg/d in women. Heme iron represented respectively, 11.1 and 10.4% of iron intake. Ninety-three percent of menstruating women had dietary iron intakes lower than recommended dietary allowances (RDA); 52.6% consumed less than two thirds of these RDA. In post-menopausal women and men, respectively 27.7% and 3.6% had dietary intakes lower than RDA. Serum ferritin was positively correlated with meat, fish and total iron intake, and negatively correlated with dietary products consumption, calcium and fiber intake.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institut Scientifique et Technique de la Nutrition et l'Alimentation, Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers, Paris, France.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9683388

Citation

Galan, P, et al. "Determining Factors in the Iron Status of Adult Women in the SU.VI.MAX Study. SUpplementation En VItamines Et Minéraux AntioXydants." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 52, no. 6, 1998, pp. 383-8.
Galan P, Yoon HC, Preziosi P, et al. Determining factors in the iron status of adult women in the SU.VI.MAX study. SUpplementation en VItamines et Minéraux AntioXydants. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1998;52(6):383-8.
Galan, P., Yoon, H. C., Preziosi, P., Viteri, F., Valeix, P., Fieux, B., Briançon, S., Malvy, D., Roussel, A. M., Favier, A., & Hercberg, S. (1998). Determining factors in the iron status of adult women in the SU.VI.MAX study. SUpplementation en VItamines et Minéraux AntioXydants. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 52(6), 383-8.
Galan P, et al. Determining Factors in the Iron Status of Adult Women in the SU.VI.MAX Study. SUpplementation En VItamines Et Minéraux AntioXydants. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1998;52(6):383-8. PubMed PMID: 9683388.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Determining factors in the iron status of adult women in the SU.VI.MAX study. SUpplementation en VItamines et Minéraux AntioXydants. AU - Galan,P, AU - Yoon,H C, AU - Preziosi,P, AU - Viteri,F, AU - Valeix,P, AU - Fieux,B, AU - Briançon,S, AU - Malvy,D, AU - Roussel,A M, AU - Favier,A, AU - Hercberg,S, PY - 1998/7/31/pubmed PY - 1998/7/31/medline PY - 1998/7/31/entrez SP - 383 EP - 8 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 52 IS - 6 N2 - The iron status of a national sample of adults living in France and participating in the SU.VI.MAX cohort, was assessed using serum ferritin and hemoglobin concentrations. Complete data were obtained for 6648 women 35-60 y old and for 3283 men 45-60 y old. Assessment of iron dietary intakes was realized on a subsample of 3111 women and 2337 men who reported six 24 h dietary records during a one-year period; 22.7% of menstruating women and 5.3% of post-menopausal women presented a total depletion of iron stores (serum ferritin < 15 microg/l). Iron-deficient anemias were found in, respectively, 4.4% and less than 1% of these women. Three-quarters of the anemias were related to iron deficiency in menstruating women. In men, iron depletion and iron deficiency anemia were very rare. Post-menopausal women had much higher serum ferritin levels than menstruating women. In menstruating women, those using intrauterine devices had significantly lower serum ferritin levels than those without contraception, and much lower than those using oral contraception. The frequency of iron depletion reached 28.1% in women using intrauterine devices, but only 13.6% in those using oral contraceptives. The mean iron intake was 16.7 +/- 5.7 mg/d in men and 12.3 +/- 3.4 mg/d in women. Heme iron represented respectively, 11.1 and 10.4% of iron intake. Ninety-three percent of menstruating women had dietary iron intakes lower than recommended dietary allowances (RDA); 52.6% consumed less than two thirds of these RDA. In post-menopausal women and men, respectively 27.7% and 3.6% had dietary intakes lower than RDA. Serum ferritin was positively correlated with meat, fish and total iron intake, and negatively correlated with dietary products consumption, calcium and fiber intake. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9683388/Determining_factors_in_the_iron_status_of_adult_women_in_the_SU_VI_MAX_study__SUpplementation_en_VItamines_et_Minéraux_AntioXydants_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1600561 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -