Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Sociodemographic characteristics, biological factors, and symptom reporting in midlife women.
Menopause. 1998 Spring; 5(1):43-51.M

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of sociodemographic characteristics, reproductive hormones, and body composition on symptoms reported by generally well midlife women.

DESIGN

The design was a 24-cell, randomly selected quota sample, stratified by four occupations that varied in professional status, two races, and three age groups. One hundred fifty-three women, aged 35 to 69, who worked 20 or more hours a week, who were not on hormone replacement therapy, who were not pregnant, and who did not have a hysterectomy prior to the age of 53 participated in the study. Data were collected at 10 employment sites. Symptoms were assessed by a 22-item symptom index. Serum hormone levels of estradiol and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) were drawn for each woman, and body composition was assessed by body mass index (BMI).

RESULTS

Chi-square tests showed that significantly more White women than Black women experienced nervous tension, loss of urine, and vaginal dryness. Analyses of variance showed that women experiencing hot flashes had significantly higher FSH levels, lower estradiol levels, and higher BMI than women not experiencing this symptom. Estradiol (odds ratio 0.988) and BMI (odds ratio 1.094) were significant predictors of experiencing hot flashes when entered into a stepwise logistic regression with age and FSH level as covariates.

CONCLUSIONS

Findings suggest that symptoms experienced by midlife women are consistent across races, and that interventions targeting weight reduction may improve hot flashes experienced by midlife women.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Public Health, Mental Health, and Administrative Nursing, College of Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago 60612, USA. jwilbur@uic.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9689194

Citation

Wilbur, J, et al. "Sociodemographic Characteristics, Biological Factors, and Symptom Reporting in Midlife Women." Menopause (New York, N.Y.), vol. 5, no. 1, 1998, pp. 43-51.
Wilbur J, Miller AM, Montgomery A, et al. Sociodemographic characteristics, biological factors, and symptom reporting in midlife women. Menopause. 1998;5(1):43-51.
Wilbur, J., Miller, A. M., Montgomery, A., & Chandler, P. (1998). Sociodemographic characteristics, biological factors, and symptom reporting in midlife women. Menopause (New York, N.Y.), 5(1), 43-51.
Wilbur J, et al. Sociodemographic Characteristics, Biological Factors, and Symptom Reporting in Midlife Women. Menopause. 1998;5(1):43-51. PubMed PMID: 9689194.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Sociodemographic characteristics, biological factors, and symptom reporting in midlife women. AU - Wilbur,J, AU - Miller,A M, AU - Montgomery,A, AU - Chandler,P, PY - 1998/8/5/pubmed PY - 1998/8/5/medline PY - 1998/8/5/entrez SP - 43 EP - 51 JF - Menopause (New York, N.Y.) JO - Menopause VL - 5 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of sociodemographic characteristics, reproductive hormones, and body composition on symptoms reported by generally well midlife women. DESIGN: The design was a 24-cell, randomly selected quota sample, stratified by four occupations that varied in professional status, two races, and three age groups. One hundred fifty-three women, aged 35 to 69, who worked 20 or more hours a week, who were not on hormone replacement therapy, who were not pregnant, and who did not have a hysterectomy prior to the age of 53 participated in the study. Data were collected at 10 employment sites. Symptoms were assessed by a 22-item symptom index. Serum hormone levels of estradiol and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) were drawn for each woman, and body composition was assessed by body mass index (BMI). RESULTS: Chi-square tests showed that significantly more White women than Black women experienced nervous tension, loss of urine, and vaginal dryness. Analyses of variance showed that women experiencing hot flashes had significantly higher FSH levels, lower estradiol levels, and higher BMI than women not experiencing this symptom. Estradiol (odds ratio 0.988) and BMI (odds ratio 1.094) were significant predictors of experiencing hot flashes when entered into a stepwise logistic regression with age and FSH level as covariates. CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that symptoms experienced by midlife women are consistent across races, and that interventions targeting weight reduction may improve hot flashes experienced by midlife women. SN - 1072-3714 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9689194/Sociodemographic_characteristics_biological_factors_and_symptom_reporting_in_midlife_women_ L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=linkout&SEARCH=9689194.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -