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Energy, macro- and micronutrient intake of 5-year-old urban black South African children in 1984 and 1995.

Abstract

Food habits change over time. This paper reports results of nutritional studies among 5-year-old urban black children in 1984 and 1995 in the Johannesburg/Soweto area. The objective was to compare energy, macro- and micronutrient intake of 5-year-old urban black South African children. Dietary intake was assessed by detailed dietary histories in 1984 and food frequency questionnaires in 1995, conducted by trained interviewers. The intake of energy, macro- and most micronutrients was higher in 1995 than in 1984, except for vitamin A, ascorbic acid, copper and iron. Fat intake increased from 52 g/day in 1984 to 95 g/day in 1995. Only biotin and vitamin D fell below 67% of the recommended dietary allowances (RDA) for 4- to 6-year-olds, but mean intakes concealed the high percentage of children that had intakes below the RDA in 1984 and 1995. Urban black 5-year-old South African children consumed a low-fat (30% of total energy), high-carbohydrate (61% of total energy) diet in 1984, but a typical westernised diet by 1995 (fat 41% and carbohydrate 52% of total energy). With these changes, current reliable nutrition information is needed to assess the existing and future health needs of all South Africans.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Dental Research Institute, University of the Witwatersrand/South African Medical Research Council, Johannesburg, South Africa.

    , ,

    Source

    Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology 12:3 1998 Jul pg 297-312

    MeSH

    Child
    Child, Preschool
    Diet
    Energy Intake
    Humans
    Longitudinal Studies
    Micronutrients
    Nutrition Policy
    Nutritional Status
    South Africa

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    9690265

    Citation

    MacKeown, J M., et al. "Energy, Macro- and Micronutrient Intake of 5-year-old Urban Black South African Children in 1984 and 1995." Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, vol. 12, no. 3, 1998, pp. 297-312.
    MacKeown JM, Cleaton-Jones PE, Edwards AW, et al. Energy, macro- and micronutrient intake of 5-year-old urban black South African children in 1984 and 1995. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 1998;12(3):297-312.
    MacKeown, J. M., Cleaton-Jones, P. E., Edwards, A. W., & Turgeon-O'Brien, H. (1998). Energy, macro- and micronutrient intake of 5-year-old urban black South African children in 1984 and 1995. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, 12(3), pp. 297-312.
    MacKeown JM, et al. Energy, Macro- and Micronutrient Intake of 5-year-old Urban Black South African Children in 1984 and 1995. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 1998;12(3):297-312. PubMed PMID: 9690265.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Energy, macro- and micronutrient intake of 5-year-old urban black South African children in 1984 and 1995. AU - MacKeown,J M, AU - Cleaton-Jones,P E, AU - Edwards,A W, AU - Turgeon-O'Brien,H, PY - 1998/8/5/pubmed PY - 1998/8/5/medline PY - 1998/8/5/entrez SP - 297 EP - 312 JF - Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology JO - Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol VL - 12 IS - 3 N2 - Food habits change over time. This paper reports results of nutritional studies among 5-year-old urban black children in 1984 and 1995 in the Johannesburg/Soweto area. The objective was to compare energy, macro- and micronutrient intake of 5-year-old urban black South African children. Dietary intake was assessed by detailed dietary histories in 1984 and food frequency questionnaires in 1995, conducted by trained interviewers. The intake of energy, macro- and most micronutrients was higher in 1995 than in 1984, except for vitamin A, ascorbic acid, copper and iron. Fat intake increased from 52 g/day in 1984 to 95 g/day in 1995. Only biotin and vitamin D fell below 67% of the recommended dietary allowances (RDA) for 4- to 6-year-olds, but mean intakes concealed the high percentage of children that had intakes below the RDA in 1984 and 1995. Urban black 5-year-old South African children consumed a low-fat (30% of total energy), high-carbohydrate (61% of total energy) diet in 1984, but a typical westernised diet by 1995 (fat 41% and carbohydrate 52% of total energy). With these changes, current reliable nutrition information is needed to assess the existing and future health needs of all South Africans. SN - 0269-5022 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9690265/Energy_macro__and_micronutrient_intake_of_5_year_old_urban_black_South_African_children_in_1984_and_1995_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0269-5022&date=1998&volume=12&issue=3&spage=297 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -