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Energy, macro- and micronutrient intake of 5-year-old urban black South African children in 1984 and 1995.
Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 1998; 12(3):297-312PP

Abstract

Food habits change over time. This paper reports results of nutritional studies among 5-year-old urban black children in 1984 and 1995 in the Johannesburg/Soweto area. The objective was to compare energy, macro- and micronutrient intake of 5-year-old urban black South African children. Dietary intake was assessed by detailed dietary histories in 1984 and food frequency questionnaires in 1995, conducted by trained interviewers. The intake of energy, macro- and most micronutrients was higher in 1995 than in 1984, except for vitamin A, ascorbic acid, copper and iron. Fat intake increased from 52 g/day in 1984 to 95 g/day in 1995. Only biotin and vitamin D fell below 67% of the recommended dietary allowances (RDA) for 4- to 6-year-olds, but mean intakes concealed the high percentage of children that had intakes below the RDA in 1984 and 1995. Urban black 5-year-old South African children consumed a low-fat (30% of total energy), high-carbohydrate (61% of total energy) diet in 1984, but a typical westernised diet by 1995 (fat 41% and carbohydrate 52% of total energy). With these changes, current reliable nutrition information is needed to assess the existing and future health needs of all South Africans.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Dental Research Institute, University of the Witwatersrand/South African Medical Research Council, Johannesburg, South Africa.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9690265

Citation

MacKeown, J M., et al. "Energy, Macro- and Micronutrient Intake of 5-year-old Urban Black South African Children in 1984 and 1995." Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, vol. 12, no. 3, 1998, pp. 297-312.
MacKeown JM, Cleaton-Jones PE, Edwards AW, et al. Energy, macro- and micronutrient intake of 5-year-old urban black South African children in 1984 and 1995. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 1998;12(3):297-312.
MacKeown, J. M., Cleaton-Jones, P. E., Edwards, A. W., & Turgeon-O'Brien, H. (1998). Energy, macro- and micronutrient intake of 5-year-old urban black South African children in 1984 and 1995. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, 12(3), pp. 297-312.
MacKeown JM, et al. Energy, Macro- and Micronutrient Intake of 5-year-old Urban Black South African Children in 1984 and 1995. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 1998;12(3):297-312. PubMed PMID: 9690265.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Energy, macro- and micronutrient intake of 5-year-old urban black South African children in 1984 and 1995. AU - MacKeown,J M, AU - Cleaton-Jones,P E, AU - Edwards,A W, AU - Turgeon-O'Brien,H, PY - 1998/8/5/pubmed PY - 1998/8/5/medline PY - 1998/8/5/entrez SP - 297 EP - 312 JF - Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology JO - Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol VL - 12 IS - 3 N2 - Food habits change over time. This paper reports results of nutritional studies among 5-year-old urban black children in 1984 and 1995 in the Johannesburg/Soweto area. The objective was to compare energy, macro- and micronutrient intake of 5-year-old urban black South African children. Dietary intake was assessed by detailed dietary histories in 1984 and food frequency questionnaires in 1995, conducted by trained interviewers. The intake of energy, macro- and most micronutrients was higher in 1995 than in 1984, except for vitamin A, ascorbic acid, copper and iron. Fat intake increased from 52 g/day in 1984 to 95 g/day in 1995. Only biotin and vitamin D fell below 67% of the recommended dietary allowances (RDA) for 4- to 6-year-olds, but mean intakes concealed the high percentage of children that had intakes below the RDA in 1984 and 1995. Urban black 5-year-old South African children consumed a low-fat (30% of total energy), high-carbohydrate (61% of total energy) diet in 1984, but a typical westernised diet by 1995 (fat 41% and carbohydrate 52% of total energy). With these changes, current reliable nutrition information is needed to assess the existing and future health needs of all South Africans. SN - 0269-5022 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9690265/Energy_macro__and_micronutrient_intake_of_5_year_old_urban_black_South_African_children_in_1984_and_1995_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0269-5022&date=1998&volume=12&issue=3&spage=297 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -