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Alcohol, methylxanthine-containing beverages, and colorectal cancer in Córdoba, Argentina.
Eur J Cancer Prev 1998; 7(3):207-13EJ

Abstract

The relationship between social class indicators, body mass index (BMI), selected life-style habits (alcohol, coffee, maté and tea drinking) and colorectal cancer was investigated in a case-control study conducted between 1993 and 1997 in Córdoba, Argentina, a relatively high mortality area of colorectal cancer. Cases were 190 patients below age 80 years with incident, histologically confirmed colorectal adenocarcinomas, and controls were 393 patients admitted to hospital for a wide spectrum of acute, non-neoplastic disorders. Higher social class, based on occupation of the head of the household, was significantly associated with colorectal cancer risk: the odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were 1.9 (1.2-2.9) for intermediate and 2.0 (1.2-3.4) for the highest as compared to the lowest social class individuals. When compared with subjects whose BMI was < 25 kg/m2, the OR was 1.1 (0.7-1.6) for those with BMI 25 to 29 kg/m2, and 1.3 (0.7-2.3) for those > or = 30. In comparison with alcohol abstainers, the OR was 2.8 (1.6-5.1) for drinkers, and there was a significant trend in risk with dose. The association was observed with wine (the most common alcoholic beverage in Argentina), as well as for beer and spirits. The consumption of coffee, maté and tea was not significantly related to colorectal cancer, but the ORs were below unity (0.9 (0.7-1.3) for coffee, 0.9 (0.6-1.2) for maté and 0.8 (0.6-1.2) for tea drinkers). The relationship between social class, alcohol drinking and colorectal cancer were consistent across strata of sex and age. This study confirms that colorectal cancer has positive social class correlates. The association with alcohol drinking is apparently stronger than previously reported, and may be due to the role of chance and/or peculiar correlates of alcohol drinking in this Argentinean population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Instituto de Biologia Celular, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9696929

Citation

Muñoz, S E., et al. "Alcohol, Methylxanthine-containing Beverages, and Colorectal Cancer in Córdoba, Argentina." European Journal of Cancer Prevention : the Official Journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP), vol. 7, no. 3, 1998, pp. 207-13.
Muñoz SE, Navarro A, Lantieri MJ, et al. Alcohol, methylxanthine-containing beverages, and colorectal cancer in Córdoba, Argentina. Eur J Cancer Prev. 1998;7(3):207-13.
Muñoz, S. E., Navarro, A., Lantieri, M. J., Fabro, M. E., Peyrano, M. G., Ferraroni, M., ... Eynard, A. R. (1998). Alcohol, methylxanthine-containing beverages, and colorectal cancer in Córdoba, Argentina. European Journal of Cancer Prevention : the Official Journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP), 7(3), pp. 207-13.
Muñoz SE, et al. Alcohol, Methylxanthine-containing Beverages, and Colorectal Cancer in Córdoba, Argentina. Eur J Cancer Prev. 1998;7(3):207-13. PubMed PMID: 9696929.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Alcohol, methylxanthine-containing beverages, and colorectal cancer in Córdoba, Argentina. AU - Muñoz,S E, AU - Navarro,A, AU - Lantieri,M J, AU - Fabro,M E, AU - Peyrano,M G, AU - Ferraroni,M, AU - Decarli,A, AU - La Vecchia,C, AU - Eynard,A R, PY - 1998/8/11/pubmed PY - 1998/8/11/medline PY - 1998/8/11/entrez SP - 207 EP - 13 JF - European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP) JO - Eur. J. Cancer Prev. VL - 7 IS - 3 N2 - The relationship between social class indicators, body mass index (BMI), selected life-style habits (alcohol, coffee, maté and tea drinking) and colorectal cancer was investigated in a case-control study conducted between 1993 and 1997 in Córdoba, Argentina, a relatively high mortality area of colorectal cancer. Cases were 190 patients below age 80 years with incident, histologically confirmed colorectal adenocarcinomas, and controls were 393 patients admitted to hospital for a wide spectrum of acute, non-neoplastic disorders. Higher social class, based on occupation of the head of the household, was significantly associated with colorectal cancer risk: the odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were 1.9 (1.2-2.9) for intermediate and 2.0 (1.2-3.4) for the highest as compared to the lowest social class individuals. When compared with subjects whose BMI was < 25 kg/m2, the OR was 1.1 (0.7-1.6) for those with BMI 25 to 29 kg/m2, and 1.3 (0.7-2.3) for those > or = 30. In comparison with alcohol abstainers, the OR was 2.8 (1.6-5.1) for drinkers, and there was a significant trend in risk with dose. The association was observed with wine (the most common alcoholic beverage in Argentina), as well as for beer and spirits. The consumption of coffee, maté and tea was not significantly related to colorectal cancer, but the ORs were below unity (0.9 (0.7-1.3) for coffee, 0.9 (0.6-1.2) for maté and 0.8 (0.6-1.2) for tea drinkers). The relationship between social class, alcohol drinking and colorectal cancer were consistent across strata of sex and age. This study confirms that colorectal cancer has positive social class correlates. The association with alcohol drinking is apparently stronger than previously reported, and may be due to the role of chance and/or peculiar correlates of alcohol drinking in this Argentinean population. SN - 0959-8278 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9696929/Alcohol_methylxanthine_containing_beverages_and_colorectal_cancer_in_Córdoba_Argentina_ L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&amp;PAGE=linkout&amp;SEARCH=9696929.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -