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Energy and nutrient intakes and health practices of Latinas and white non-Latinas in the 3 months before pregnancy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To describe the health practices and energy and nutrient intakes from diet and supplements of foreign- and US-born Latinas and white non-Latinas in the 3 months before pregnancy.

DESIGN

A descriptive study in which data were obtained retrospectively from 2 questionnaires: an interviewer-administered questionnaire on the subject's medical, reproductive, family, occupational, and lifestyle history and a subject-administered (and interviewer-assisted) 100-item food frequency questionnaire.

SUBJECTS/SETTING

A population-based sample of California women (n = 462) who gave birth between 1989 and 1991 to single, live-born infants. One third of women were Latinas, of whom 58.1% were foreign born.

STATISTICAL ANALYSES

Means, standard deviations, and percentiles were computed for energy and nutrient intakes of the total population and for white non-Latinas; US-born Latinas; and foreign-born Latinas. One-way analysis of variance was used to compare group means.

RESULTS

Mean and median energy intake in all ethnic groups exceeded 2,000 kcal/day, although less than half of the population consumed 5 servings of fruit and vegetables per day. For iron, half of the women were below the Recommended Dietary Allowance. In contrast to the dietary intake of white non-Latinas and US-born Latinas, foreign-born Latinas had the lowest contribution of fat to total energy intake and the highest dietary intake of carbohydrate, cholesterol, fiber, grain products, protein foods, folate, vitamin C, iron, and zinc.

CONCLUSIONS

A woman's ethnicity, as well as whether her place of birth was within or outside of the United States, may be predictors of her dietary and health practices before pregnancy. Vitamin, mineral, and food supplementation and consumption of cold breakfast cereal may be avenues for improving perinatal micronutrient intake.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program of Northern California, Oakland, USA.

    , ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Adult
    Alcohol Drinking
    Diet
    Dietary Supplements
    Eating
    Energy Intake
    Female
    Health Behavior
    Hispanic Americans
    Humans
    Interviews as Topic
    Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
    Preconception Care
    Pregnancy
    Retrospective Studies
    Surveys and Questionnaires
    Women's Health

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    9710657

    Citation

    Schaffer, D M., et al. "Energy and Nutrient Intakes and Health Practices of Latinas and White non-Latinas in the 3 Months Before Pregnancy." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 98, no. 8, 1998, pp. 876-84.
    Schaffer DM, Velie EM, Shaw GM, et al. Energy and nutrient intakes and health practices of Latinas and white non-Latinas in the 3 months before pregnancy. J Am Diet Assoc. 1998;98(8):876-84.
    Schaffer, D. M., Velie, E. M., Shaw, G. M., & Todoroff, K. P. (1998). Energy and nutrient intakes and health practices of Latinas and white non-Latinas in the 3 months before pregnancy. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 98(8), pp. 876-84.
    Schaffer DM, et al. Energy and Nutrient Intakes and Health Practices of Latinas and White non-Latinas in the 3 Months Before Pregnancy. J Am Diet Assoc. 1998;98(8):876-84. PubMed PMID: 9710657.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Energy and nutrient intakes and health practices of Latinas and white non-Latinas in the 3 months before pregnancy. AU - Schaffer,D M, AU - Velie,E M, AU - Shaw,G M, AU - Todoroff,K P, PY - 1998/8/26/pubmed PY - 1998/8/26/medline PY - 1998/8/26/entrez SP - 876 EP - 84 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 98 IS - 8 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To describe the health practices and energy and nutrient intakes from diet and supplements of foreign- and US-born Latinas and white non-Latinas in the 3 months before pregnancy. DESIGN: A descriptive study in which data were obtained retrospectively from 2 questionnaires: an interviewer-administered questionnaire on the subject's medical, reproductive, family, occupational, and lifestyle history and a subject-administered (and interviewer-assisted) 100-item food frequency questionnaire. SUBJECTS/SETTING: A population-based sample of California women (n = 462) who gave birth between 1989 and 1991 to single, live-born infants. One third of women were Latinas, of whom 58.1% were foreign born. STATISTICAL ANALYSES: Means, standard deviations, and percentiles were computed for energy and nutrient intakes of the total population and for white non-Latinas; US-born Latinas; and foreign-born Latinas. One-way analysis of variance was used to compare group means. RESULTS: Mean and median energy intake in all ethnic groups exceeded 2,000 kcal/day, although less than half of the population consumed 5 servings of fruit and vegetables per day. For iron, half of the women were below the Recommended Dietary Allowance. In contrast to the dietary intake of white non-Latinas and US-born Latinas, foreign-born Latinas had the lowest contribution of fat to total energy intake and the highest dietary intake of carbohydrate, cholesterol, fiber, grain products, protein foods, folate, vitamin C, iron, and zinc. CONCLUSIONS: A woman's ethnicity, as well as whether her place of birth was within or outside of the United States, may be predictors of her dietary and health practices before pregnancy. Vitamin, mineral, and food supplementation and consumption of cold breakfast cereal may be avenues for improving perinatal micronutrient intake. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9710657/Energy_and_nutrient_intakes_and_health_practices_of_Latinas_and_white_non_Latinas_in_the_3_months_before_pregnancy_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-8223(98)00202-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -