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Energy and nutrient intakes and health practices of Latinas and white non-Latinas in the 3 months before pregnancy.
J Am Diet Assoc 1998; 98(8):876-84JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To describe the health practices and energy and nutrient intakes from diet and supplements of foreign- and US-born Latinas and white non-Latinas in the 3 months before pregnancy.

DESIGN

A descriptive study in which data were obtained retrospectively from 2 questionnaires: an interviewer-administered questionnaire on the subject's medical, reproductive, family, occupational, and lifestyle history and a subject-administered (and interviewer-assisted) 100-item food frequency questionnaire.

SUBJECTS/SETTING

A population-based sample of California women (n = 462) who gave birth between 1989 and 1991 to single, live-born infants. One third of women were Latinas, of whom 58.1% were foreign born.

STATISTICAL ANALYSES

Means, standard deviations, and percentiles were computed for energy and nutrient intakes of the total population and for white non-Latinas; US-born Latinas; and foreign-born Latinas. One-way analysis of variance was used to compare group means.

RESULTS

Mean and median energy intake in all ethnic groups exceeded 2,000 kcal/day, although less than half of the population consumed 5 servings of fruit and vegetables per day. For iron, half of the women were below the Recommended Dietary Allowance. In contrast to the dietary intake of white non-Latinas and US-born Latinas, foreign-born Latinas had the lowest contribution of fat to total energy intake and the highest dietary intake of carbohydrate, cholesterol, fiber, grain products, protein foods, folate, vitamin C, iron, and zinc.

CONCLUSIONS

A woman's ethnicity, as well as whether her place of birth was within or outside of the United States, may be predictors of her dietary and health practices before pregnancy. Vitamin, mineral, and food supplementation and consumption of cold breakfast cereal may be avenues for improving perinatal micronutrient intake.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program of Northern California, Oakland, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9710657

Citation

Schaffer, D M., et al. "Energy and Nutrient Intakes and Health Practices of Latinas and White non-Latinas in the 3 Months Before Pregnancy." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 98, no. 8, 1998, pp. 876-84.
Schaffer DM, Velie EM, Shaw GM, et al. Energy and nutrient intakes and health practices of Latinas and white non-Latinas in the 3 months before pregnancy. J Am Diet Assoc. 1998;98(8):876-84.
Schaffer, D. M., Velie, E. M., Shaw, G. M., & Todoroff, K. P. (1998). Energy and nutrient intakes and health practices of Latinas and white non-Latinas in the 3 months before pregnancy. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 98(8), pp. 876-84.
Schaffer DM, et al. Energy and Nutrient Intakes and Health Practices of Latinas and White non-Latinas in the 3 Months Before Pregnancy. J Am Diet Assoc. 1998;98(8):876-84. PubMed PMID: 9710657.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Energy and nutrient intakes and health practices of Latinas and white non-Latinas in the 3 months before pregnancy. AU - Schaffer,D M, AU - Velie,E M, AU - Shaw,G M, AU - Todoroff,K P, PY - 1998/8/26/pubmed PY - 1998/8/26/medline PY - 1998/8/26/entrez SP - 876 EP - 84 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 98 IS - 8 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To describe the health practices and energy and nutrient intakes from diet and supplements of foreign- and US-born Latinas and white non-Latinas in the 3 months before pregnancy. DESIGN: A descriptive study in which data were obtained retrospectively from 2 questionnaires: an interviewer-administered questionnaire on the subject's medical, reproductive, family, occupational, and lifestyle history and a subject-administered (and interviewer-assisted) 100-item food frequency questionnaire. SUBJECTS/SETTING: A population-based sample of California women (n = 462) who gave birth between 1989 and 1991 to single, live-born infants. One third of women were Latinas, of whom 58.1% were foreign born. STATISTICAL ANALYSES: Means, standard deviations, and percentiles were computed for energy and nutrient intakes of the total population and for white non-Latinas; US-born Latinas; and foreign-born Latinas. One-way analysis of variance was used to compare group means. RESULTS: Mean and median energy intake in all ethnic groups exceeded 2,000 kcal/day, although less than half of the population consumed 5 servings of fruit and vegetables per day. For iron, half of the women were below the Recommended Dietary Allowance. In contrast to the dietary intake of white non-Latinas and US-born Latinas, foreign-born Latinas had the lowest contribution of fat to total energy intake and the highest dietary intake of carbohydrate, cholesterol, fiber, grain products, protein foods, folate, vitamin C, iron, and zinc. CONCLUSIONS: A woman's ethnicity, as well as whether her place of birth was within or outside of the United States, may be predictors of her dietary and health practices before pregnancy. Vitamin, mineral, and food supplementation and consumption of cold breakfast cereal may be avenues for improving perinatal micronutrient intake. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9710657/Energy_and_nutrient_intakes_and_health_practices_of_Latinas_and_white_non_Latinas_in_the_3_months_before_pregnancy_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-8223(98)00202-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -