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Mesh diagram cephalometric norms for Americans of African descent.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 1998 Aug; 114(2):218-23.AJ

Abstract

The aim of this study was to establish cephalometric norms for African-American males and females, to compare these measurements with the findings of Alexander's "Alabama analysis," and to construct mesh templates for various age groups. The sample we evaluated included 71 African-Americans, divided into four groups: girls (8 to 12 years), boys (8 to 12 years), adolescent females (13 to 20 years), and adolescent males (13 to 20 years). The subjects met the following criteria: (1) normal Class I dental and skeletal relationship with minimal crowding, (2) balanced facial profile, and (3) no history of orthodontic treatment. The cephalometric radiographs were traced by hand, and linear and angular measurements were averaged to establish a mean with which to locate the anatomic landmarks used in the mesh diagram. In this study the African-Americans differed significantly from white Americans with regard to dental, skeletal, and soft tissue parameters. On average, the African-American subjects displayed larger SNA and ANB angles, more proclined lower incisors, and a more acute interincisal angle than did the white sample. Measurements between our African-American group and that of Alexander's African-American group in the "Alabama analysis" were consistent.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Orthodontics, University of Alabama, Birmingham, USA.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9714287

Citation

Bailey, K L., and R W. Taylor. "Mesh Diagram Cephalometric Norms for Americans of African Descent." American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics : Official Publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, Its Constituent Societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics, vol. 114, no. 2, 1998, pp. 218-23.
Bailey KL, Taylor RW. Mesh diagram cephalometric norms for Americans of African descent. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 1998;114(2):218-23.
Bailey, K. L., & Taylor, R. W. (1998). Mesh diagram cephalometric norms for Americans of African descent. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics : Official Publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, Its Constituent Societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics, 114(2), 218-23.
Bailey KL, Taylor RW. Mesh Diagram Cephalometric Norms for Americans of African Descent. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 1998;114(2):218-23. PubMed PMID: 9714287.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Mesh diagram cephalometric norms for Americans of African descent. AU - Bailey,K L, AU - Taylor,R W, PY - 1998/8/26/pubmed PY - 1998/8/26/medline PY - 1998/8/26/entrez SP - 218 EP - 23 JF - American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics JO - Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop VL - 114 IS - 2 N2 - The aim of this study was to establish cephalometric norms for African-American males and females, to compare these measurements with the findings of Alexander's "Alabama analysis," and to construct mesh templates for various age groups. The sample we evaluated included 71 African-Americans, divided into four groups: girls (8 to 12 years), boys (8 to 12 years), adolescent females (13 to 20 years), and adolescent males (13 to 20 years). The subjects met the following criteria: (1) normal Class I dental and skeletal relationship with minimal crowding, (2) balanced facial profile, and (3) no history of orthodontic treatment. The cephalometric radiographs were traced by hand, and linear and angular measurements were averaged to establish a mean with which to locate the anatomic landmarks used in the mesh diagram. In this study the African-Americans differed significantly from white Americans with regard to dental, skeletal, and soft tissue parameters. On average, the African-American subjects displayed larger SNA and ANB angles, more proclined lower incisors, and a more acute interincisal angle than did the white sample. Measurements between our African-American group and that of Alexander's African-American group in the "Alabama analysis" were consistent. SN - 0889-5406 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9714287/Mesh_diagram_cephalometric_norms_for_Americans_of_African_descent_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0889-5406(98)00184-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -