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Shame, guilt, ego development, and the five-factor model of personality.
J Pers. 1998 Aug; 66(4):555-82.JP

Abstract

Shame, guilt, and ego development are conceptually interrelated constructs, yet their empirical relations have not yet been examined. Further, these constructs have not yet been mapped onto the widely used Five-Factor Model. In Study 1, relations were examined between these three domains within a sample of Australian university students. Two types of guilt were distinguished, Empathic Guilt (associated with Agreeableness) and Anxious Guilt (associated with Neuroticism). The relationship between Shame and Ego Level was found to be curvilinear, with Shame greatest for persons at intermediate stages of ego development. In Study 2, relations between ego development and the Five-Factor Model were further examined. Across both studies, Ego Level was best predicted from Conscientiousness among men and from Openness among women. Relations between Ego Level, proneness to shame and guilt, and the five factors were typically modest, suggesting that these represent complementary approaches to the study of personality.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of New South Wales.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9728416

Citation

Einstein, D, and K Lanning. "Shame, Guilt, Ego Development, and the Five-factor Model of Personality." Journal of Personality, vol. 66, no. 4, 1998, pp. 555-82.
Einstein D, Lanning K. Shame, guilt, ego development, and the five-factor model of personality. J Pers. 1998;66(4):555-82.
Einstein, D., & Lanning, K. (1998). Shame, guilt, ego development, and the five-factor model of personality. Journal of Personality, 66(4), 555-82.
Einstein D, Lanning K. Shame, Guilt, Ego Development, and the Five-factor Model of Personality. J Pers. 1998;66(4):555-82. PubMed PMID: 9728416.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Shame, guilt, ego development, and the five-factor model of personality. AU - Einstein,D, AU - Lanning,K, PY - 1998/9/5/pubmed PY - 1998/9/5/medline PY - 1998/9/5/entrez SP - 555 EP - 82 JF - Journal of personality JO - J Pers VL - 66 IS - 4 N2 - Shame, guilt, and ego development are conceptually interrelated constructs, yet their empirical relations have not yet been examined. Further, these constructs have not yet been mapped onto the widely used Five-Factor Model. In Study 1, relations were examined between these three domains within a sample of Australian university students. Two types of guilt were distinguished, Empathic Guilt (associated with Agreeableness) and Anxious Guilt (associated with Neuroticism). The relationship between Shame and Ego Level was found to be curvilinear, with Shame greatest for persons at intermediate stages of ego development. In Study 2, relations between ego development and the Five-Factor Model were further examined. Across both studies, Ego Level was best predicted from Conscientiousness among men and from Openness among women. Relations between Ego Level, proneness to shame and guilt, and the five factors were typically modest, suggesting that these represent complementary approaches to the study of personality. SN - 0022-3506 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9728416/Shame_guilt_ego_development_and_the_five_factor_model_of_personality_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0022-3506&date=1998&volume=66&issue=4&spage=555 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -