Self-report measurements of dental anxiety and fear in children: a critical assessment.ASDC J Dent Child. 1998 Jul-Aug; 65(4):252-8, 229-30.AJ
This article reviews self-report measurements frequently used to assess dental anxiety in children. The main focus is on their reliability and validity. For this purpose correlations between the reviewed measurements and other measurements of dental fear in children are considered, as well as their possible ambiguity with respect to scoring procedures and their ability to discriminate between fearful and non-fearful children. Results show that all three questionnaires discussed are open to criticism. It is concluded that of the self-report measurements, the Children's Fear Survey Schedule-Dental Subscale (CFSS-DS) is to be preferred to both Corah's Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS) and the Venham Picture Test (VPT). The reasons for this are the following: the CFSS-DS covers more aspects of the dental situation; it measures dental fear more precisely than the other scales; normative data are available on this scale; and it has slightly superior psychometric properties.