Blockage of insulin-like growth factor-I receptor inhibits the growth of Ewing's sarcoma in athymic mice.Cancer Res. 1998 Sep 15; 58(18):4127-31.CR
Innovative, more effective treatment modalities are needed for Ewing's sarcoma (ES), a neoplasm with a disappointingly low survival rate despite the use of aggressive multimodal therapeutic approaches. We have previously shown (K. Scotlandi et al, Cancer Res., 56: 4570-4574, 1996) the existence and the pathogenetic relevance of an autocrine loop that is mediated by the insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-IR) and is crucial for the survival and proliferation of ES cells in vitro. In this study, we report that the IGF-IR-blocking monoclonal antibody alphaIR3 may also significantly inhibit ES cell growth in vivo. In particular, in almost one-half of the animals tested, after s.c. inoculation with TC-71 ES cells, the blockage of IGF-IR by alphaIR3 induced a complete regression of tumors that developed, which suggests that IGF-IR is valuable as a specific target for novel therapeutic strategies. In addition, suramin, a drug that can interfere with growth factor binding with their receptors, inhibited the tumorigenic and the metastatic ability of TC-71 cells and, therefore, is a promising agent to be combined with conventional cytotoxic drugs for the design of more effective therapeutic regimens.