[Laparoscopy-assisted hysterectomy and laparoscopic preparation. Apropos of a series of 177 cases].Ann Chir. 1998; 52(1):29-35.AC
Our objective was to determine the limits of laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH) and the value of a preoperative scoring system to determine the operative approach to hysterectomy. Between January 1991 and December 1996, 152 out of 177 patients had LAVH and 25 had laparoconversion. The mean operating time was 163 min. The overall postoperative complication rate was 8.4%. The hospital stay was 4.8 days for LAVH versus 6.2 days for laparoconversion (p < 0.01). For each patient, a preoperative scoring system was established according to uterine size, previous laparotomy, uterine mobility, pelvic adhesions and endometriosis stage. The laparoconversion rate increased according to the score, as it was 7.8% for a score < or = 7 and 80% for a score > 7. LAVH offers a technique to convert some abdominal hysterectomies into vaginal hysterectomies. The use of the preoperative scoring system may help to determine patients who may benefit from the laparoscopic route and those with a high risk of laparoconversion.