Role and mechanism of endothelin-B receptors in mediating ET-1-induced vasoconstriction in pig skin.Am J Physiol. 1998 10; 275(4):R1066-74.AJ
We investigated the functional importance and signal transduction pathways of endothelin (ET)-B receptors in mediating ET-1-induced vasoconstriction in pig skin. Skin vasoconstriction was studied by monitoring the perfusion pressure of isolated perfused pig skin flaps (6 x 16 cm) at a constant flow rate. Intra-arterial infusion of the ETA/B receptor agonist ET-1, the ETB receptor agonists sarafotoxin 6C (S6c) and BQ-3020, or the thromboxane A2 mimetic U-46619 (n = 4 or 5) caused a concentration-dependent skin vasoconstriction. The vasoconstrictor potency of ET-1 (EC50 3.1 x 10(-9) M) was lower (P < 0.05) than that of S6c (EC50 1.8 x 10(-9) M) and similar to that of BQ-3020 (EC50 2.6 x 10(-9) M). The vasoconstrictor potency of ET-1, S6c, and BQ-3020 was at least 300-fold higher than that of U-46619 (EC50 0.9 x 10(-6) M). The skin vasoconstrictor effect of ET-1 (10(-9)-10(-8) M) was partially inhibited by 10(-5) M BQ-123, an ETA receptor antagonist. Further inhibition was achieved with the combination of 10(-5) M BQ-123 and BQ-788 (an ETB receptor antagonist) or with an ETA/B receptor antagonist (10(-5) M bosentan or PD-145065) (n = 5; P < 0.05). In addition, the skin vasoconstrictor effect of the ETB receptor agonist BQ-3020 was completely blocked by 5 x 10(-6) M BQ-788 and partially inhibited by 5 x 10(-6) M of the phospholipase C (PLC) inhibitor 2-nitro-4-carboxyl-N,N-diphenylcarbamate (NCDC), an L-type Ca2+ channel antagonist (nifedipine), a protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor (chelerythrine), or removal of Ca2+ from the perfusate (n = 4 or 5; P < 0.05). The vasoconstrictor effect of S6c was also partially blocked by 5 x 10(-6) M of NCDC, nifedipine, or chelerythrine or by removal of Ca2+ from the perfusate (n = 4; P < 0. 01). We conclude that ETB receptors play a central role in mediating ET-1-induced vasoconstriction in pig skin, and the mechanism probably involves L-type Ca2+ channels, PLC, and PKC.