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Total and respirable airborne dust endotoxin concentrations in three equine management systems.
Equine Vet J. 1998 Sep; 30(5):430-4.EV

Abstract

The concentrations of total and respirable airborne endotoxin in the breathing zone of a pony in 3 different management systems, on 8 occasions, are reported. Airborne endotoxin concentrations in all 3 systems were lower than those reported for many other agricultural environments. However, total airborne endotoxin concentrations in many of the conventional stables exceeded those which can induce pulmonary inflammation and bronchial hyper-responsiveness in normal human subjects, and exceeded those which can induce bronchoconstriction in humans with pre-existing pulmonary inflammation. Therefore, airborne endotoxin may contribute to the development of airway inflammation and dysfunction in conventionally stabled horses. Potentially detrimental effects of airborne endotoxins on the welfare and exercise performance of stabled horses can be reduced by maintaining horses in 'low dust' stables or at pasture, since these environments had significantly lower airborne dust and endotoxin concentrations.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Veterinary Clinical Studies, Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, Easter Bush, Roslin, UK.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9758102

Citation

McGorum, B C., et al. "Total and Respirable Airborne Dust Endotoxin Concentrations in Three Equine Management Systems." Equine Veterinary Journal, vol. 30, no. 5, 1998, pp. 430-4.
McGorum BC, Ellison J, Cullen RT. Total and respirable airborne dust endotoxin concentrations in three equine management systems. Equine Vet J. 1998;30(5):430-4.
McGorum, B. C., Ellison, J., & Cullen, R. T. (1998). Total and respirable airborne dust endotoxin concentrations in three equine management systems. Equine Veterinary Journal, 30(5), 430-4.
McGorum BC, Ellison J, Cullen RT. Total and Respirable Airborne Dust Endotoxin Concentrations in Three Equine Management Systems. Equine Vet J. 1998;30(5):430-4. PubMed PMID: 9758102.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Total and respirable airborne dust endotoxin concentrations in three equine management systems. AU - McGorum,B C, AU - Ellison,J, AU - Cullen,R T, PY - 1998/10/3/pubmed PY - 1998/10/3/medline PY - 1998/10/3/entrez SP - 430 EP - 4 JF - Equine veterinary journal JO - Equine Vet J VL - 30 IS - 5 N2 - The concentrations of total and respirable airborne endotoxin in the breathing zone of a pony in 3 different management systems, on 8 occasions, are reported. Airborne endotoxin concentrations in all 3 systems were lower than those reported for many other agricultural environments. However, total airborne endotoxin concentrations in many of the conventional stables exceeded those which can induce pulmonary inflammation and bronchial hyper-responsiveness in normal human subjects, and exceeded those which can induce bronchoconstriction in humans with pre-existing pulmonary inflammation. Therefore, airborne endotoxin may contribute to the development of airway inflammation and dysfunction in conventionally stabled horses. Potentially detrimental effects of airborne endotoxins on the welfare and exercise performance of stabled horses can be reduced by maintaining horses in 'low dust' stables or at pasture, since these environments had significantly lower airborne dust and endotoxin concentrations. SN - 0425-1644 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9758102/Total_and_respirable_airborne_dust_endotoxin_concentrations_in_three_equine_management_systems_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0425-1644&date=1998&volume=30&issue=5&spage=430 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -