Subnanomolar detection limit for sodium dodecyl sulfate-capillary gel electrophoresis using a fluorogenic, noncovalent dye.Electrophoresis. 1998 Sep; 19(12):2169-74.E
Picomolar limits of detection are obtained using the noncovalent, fluorogenic dye, Sypro Red. The size separation of four commonly used sodium dodecyl sulfate-capillary gel electrophoresis (SDS-CGE) molecular weight markers with 8% linear polyacrylamide (PAA) as the sieving matrix is used to construct a calibration curve for molecular weight determinations. SDS-CGE purity and molecular weight determination of purified chorismate mutase-prephenate dehydrogenase (CMPD) from Escherichia coli is shown to be comparable in accuracy with slab gel SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). A migration time precision study indicates excellent reproducibility. Sypro red labeling of SDS-bovine serum albumin (SDS-BSA) complexes at nanomolar protein concentrations suggests assay detection limits surpassing those of silver staining. This detectability exceeds that achieved in previous SDS-CGE laser-induced fluorescence studies. This approach is expected to be easily adapted for use with commercial polymer formulations and automated instrumentation.