Application of capillary electrophoresis, liquid chromatography, electrospray-mass spectrometry and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization - time of flight - mass spectrometry to the characterization of recombinant human erythropoietin.Electrophoresis. 1998 Oct; 19(13):2348-55.E
High performance capillary electrophoresis (HPCE), high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization - time of flight - mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS), on-line CE-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (CE-ESI-MS) and on-line LC-ESI-MS have been employed to characterize a heterogeneous glycoprotein, recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) expressed from Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. The analysis was demonstrated through two specific levels of detail: the intact protein and tryptic digests of the protein. Six glycoforms of rHuEPO were separated by HPCE; seventeen tryptic fragments in a total of 21 nonglycosylated and glycosylated peptides were characterized; the O-linked glycopeptides were analyzed directly by CE-ESI-MS and LC-ESI-MS. In particular, four glycans of O-acetylation of sialic acid were identified in the O-linked glycosylated fragments. The molecular weight of rHuEPO was accurately determined by MALDI-TOF-MS.