The reaction of melatonin with peroxynitrite: formation of melatonin radical cation and absence of stable nitrated products.Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1998 Oct 09; 251(1):83-7.BB
Peroxynitrite is capable of hydroxylating and nitrating aromatic species. However, nitromelatonin is not found as a final product when melatonin was allowed to react with peroxynitrite either in the presence or absence of added bicarbonate. In the absence of bicarbonate, the two major products formed are 6-hydroxymelatonin and 5-methoxy-2-hydro-pyrroloindole, and the latter is the only major product with excess bicarbonate. A transient purple intermediate with a maximum absorbance at about 520 nm is observed upon mixing solutions containing peroxynitrite and melatonin. These observations indicate that the melatoninyl radical cation is formed in the peroxynitrite/melatonin reaction, providing a direct evidence for the one-electron oxidation ability of peroxynitrite. The melatoninyl radical cation also is observed with excess bicarbonate.