Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Cognitive efficiency in alcoholics and polysubstance abusers.
Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1998 Oct; 22(7):1414-20.AC

Abstract

Previous studies have found alcoholics to be impaired on tests of cognitive efficiency. However, it is unclear to what extent individuals who abuse drugs in addition to alcohol exhibit similar deficits. To answer this question, 63 healthy control subjects were compared with 40 individuals who abused alcohol only, 24 individuals who abused alcohol and stimulants, 16 individuals who abused alcohol and marijuana, and 41 individuals who abused alcohol and depressants/narcotics, or alcohol and two or more other drugs. All subjects were administered tests of short-term memory, spatial orientation, visual-spatial perception, and problem-solving. Results from the study indicated that control subjects and individuals who abused both alcohol and marijuana performed significantly better than the other groups on most tests. These results were not attributable to differences on measures of affect or chronicity of alcohol consumption.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Center for Alcohol and Drug Related Studies, University of Oklahoma Health Science Center, Oklahoma City 73105, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9802522

Citation

Nixon, S J., et al. "Cognitive Efficiency in Alcoholics and Polysubstance Abusers." Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research, vol. 22, no. 7, 1998, pp. 1414-20.
Nixon SJ, Paul R, Phillips M. Cognitive efficiency in alcoholics and polysubstance abusers. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1998;22(7):1414-20.
Nixon, S. J., Paul, R., & Phillips, M. (1998). Cognitive efficiency in alcoholics and polysubstance abusers. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research, 22(7), 1414-20.
Nixon SJ, Paul R, Phillips M. Cognitive Efficiency in Alcoholics and Polysubstance Abusers. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1998;22(7):1414-20. PubMed PMID: 9802522.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cognitive efficiency in alcoholics and polysubstance abusers. AU - Nixon,S J, AU - Paul,R, AU - Phillips,M, PY - 1998/11/5/pubmed PY - 1998/11/5/medline PY - 1998/11/5/entrez SP - 1414 EP - 20 JF - Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research JO - Alcohol Clin Exp Res VL - 22 IS - 7 N2 - Previous studies have found alcoholics to be impaired on tests of cognitive efficiency. However, it is unclear to what extent individuals who abuse drugs in addition to alcohol exhibit similar deficits. To answer this question, 63 healthy control subjects were compared with 40 individuals who abused alcohol only, 24 individuals who abused alcohol and stimulants, 16 individuals who abused alcohol and marijuana, and 41 individuals who abused alcohol and depressants/narcotics, or alcohol and two or more other drugs. All subjects were administered tests of short-term memory, spatial orientation, visual-spatial perception, and problem-solving. Results from the study indicated that control subjects and individuals who abused both alcohol and marijuana performed significantly better than the other groups on most tests. These results were not attributable to differences on measures of affect or chronicity of alcohol consumption. SN - 0145-6008 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9802522/Cognitive_efficiency_in_alcoholics_and_polysubstance_abusers_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0145-6008&date=1998&volume=22&issue=7&spage=1414 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -