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[Occultism, parapsychology and the esoteric from the perspective of psychopathology].
Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr. 1998 Oct; 66(10):474-82.FN

Abstract

The concepts and main themes of occultism, parapsychology and esoterics are set in comparison to religion, spirituality, mysticism. The cultural relativity of these concepts is emphasised. Occultism means dealing with phenomena, processes, and/or powers which are not accessible to "normal perception". The manipulation of such powers is effected via (white, black, grey) magic. Parapsychology, in its popular sense, deals with occult phenomena, whereas scientific parapsychology investigates them empirically. Esoterics is a complex of beliefs within a hermetic tradition about occult processes and about desting after death. Transpersonal psychology deals with these issues while calling them "spiritual". Effects of paranormal experiences and actions on the side of the actor as well as the adept are discussed: personality types, interpersonal effects, crises and psychoses (mediumistic psychoses). The concept of dissociation of subpersonalities (subselves) appears to be a viable perspective to explain these phenomena. In mediumistic psychoses, the splitting of non-ego parts of the psyche leads to a manifestation of schizophrenic symptoms. Dangers for mental health are an ego inflation by self-attribution of "superhuman" power. A personality disposition for parapsychological perception and/or action may be seen in schizotypia and similar near-psychotic "personalities up the border". Adepts of occultism may present with a "false self" in the sense of Winnicott.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Psychiatrische Universitätsklinik Zürich.

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article
Review

Language

ger

PubMed ID

9825253

Citation

Scharfetter, C. "[Occultism, Parapsychology and the Esoteric From the Perspective of Psychopathology]." Fortschritte Der Neurologie-Psychiatrie, vol. 66, no. 10, 1998, pp. 474-82.
Scharfetter C. [Occultism, parapsychology and the esoteric from the perspective of psychopathology]. Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr. 1998;66(10):474-82.
Scharfetter, C. (1998). [Occultism, parapsychology and the esoteric from the perspective of psychopathology]. Fortschritte Der Neurologie-Psychiatrie, 66(10), 474-82.
Scharfetter C. [Occultism, Parapsychology and the Esoteric From the Perspective of Psychopathology]. Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr. 1998;66(10):474-82. PubMed PMID: 9825253.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Occultism, parapsychology and the esoteric from the perspective of psychopathology]. A1 - Scharfetter,C, PY - 1998/11/24/pubmed PY - 1998/11/24/medline PY - 1998/11/24/entrez SP - 474 EP - 82 JF - Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie JO - Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr VL - 66 IS - 10 N2 - The concepts and main themes of occultism, parapsychology and esoterics are set in comparison to religion, spirituality, mysticism. The cultural relativity of these concepts is emphasised. Occultism means dealing with phenomena, processes, and/or powers which are not accessible to "normal perception". The manipulation of such powers is effected via (white, black, grey) magic. Parapsychology, in its popular sense, deals with occult phenomena, whereas scientific parapsychology investigates them empirically. Esoterics is a complex of beliefs within a hermetic tradition about occult processes and about desting after death. Transpersonal psychology deals with these issues while calling them "spiritual". Effects of paranormal experiences and actions on the side of the actor as well as the adept are discussed: personality types, interpersonal effects, crises and psychoses (mediumistic psychoses). The concept of dissociation of subpersonalities (subselves) appears to be a viable perspective to explain these phenomena. In mediumistic psychoses, the splitting of non-ego parts of the psyche leads to a manifestation of schizophrenic symptoms. Dangers for mental health are an ego inflation by self-attribution of "superhuman" power. A personality disposition for parapsychological perception and/or action may be seen in schizotypia and similar near-psychotic "personalities up the border". Adepts of occultism may present with a "false self" in the sense of Winnicott. SN - 0720-4299 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9825253/[Occultism_parapsychology_and_the_esoteric_from_the_perspective_of_psychopathology]_ L2 - http://www.thieme-connect.com/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-2007-995287 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -