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Prevalence of anxiety disorders and their comorbidity with mood and addictive disorders.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The co-occurrence of anxiety disorders with other mental, addictive, and physical disorders has important implications for treatment and for prediction of clinical course and associated morbidity.

METHOD

Cross-sectional and prospective data on 20,291 individuals from the Epidemiologic Catchment Area (ECA) study were analysed to determine one-month, current disorders, one-year incidence, and one-year and lifetime prevalence of anxiety, mood, and addictive disorders, and to identify the onset and offset of disorders within the one-year prospective period.

RESULTS

Nearly half (47.2%) of those meeting lifetime criteria for major depression also have met criteria for a comorbid anxiety disorder. The average age of onset of any lifetime anxiety disorder (16.4 years) and social phobia (11.6 years) among those with major depression was much younger than the onset age for major depression (23.2 years) and panic disorder.

CONCLUSIONS

Anxiety disorders, especially social and simple phobias, appear to have an early onset in adolescence with potentially severe consequences, predisposing those affected to greater vulnerability to major depression and addictive disorders.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Epidemiology and Services Research, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland 20857, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9829013

Citation

Regier, D A., et al. "Prevalence of Anxiety Disorders and Their Comorbidity With Mood and Addictive Disorders." The British Journal of Psychiatry. Supplement, 1998, pp. 24-8.
Regier DA, Rae DS, Narrow WE, et al. Prevalence of anxiety disorders and their comorbidity with mood and addictive disorders. Br J Psychiatry Suppl. 1998.
Regier, D. A., Rae, D. S., Narrow, W. E., Kaelber, C. T., & Schatzberg, A. F. (1998). Prevalence of anxiety disorders and their comorbidity with mood and addictive disorders. The British Journal of Psychiatry. Supplement, (34), 24-8.
Regier DA, et al. Prevalence of Anxiety Disorders and Their Comorbidity With Mood and Addictive Disorders. Br J Psychiatry Suppl. 1998;(34)24-8. PubMed PMID: 9829013.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of anxiety disorders and their comorbidity with mood and addictive disorders. AU - Regier,D A, AU - Rae,D S, AU - Narrow,W E, AU - Kaelber,C T, AU - Schatzberg,A F, PY - 1998/11/26/pubmed PY - 1998/11/26/medline PY - 1998/11/26/entrez SP - 24 EP - 8 JF - The British journal of psychiatry. Supplement JO - Br J Psychiatry Suppl IS - 34 N2 - BACKGROUND: The co-occurrence of anxiety disorders with other mental, addictive, and physical disorders has important implications for treatment and for prediction of clinical course and associated morbidity. METHOD: Cross-sectional and prospective data on 20,291 individuals from the Epidemiologic Catchment Area (ECA) study were analysed to determine one-month, current disorders, one-year incidence, and one-year and lifetime prevalence of anxiety, mood, and addictive disorders, and to identify the onset and offset of disorders within the one-year prospective period. RESULTS: Nearly half (47.2%) of those meeting lifetime criteria for major depression also have met criteria for a comorbid anxiety disorder. The average age of onset of any lifetime anxiety disorder (16.4 years) and social phobia (11.6 years) among those with major depression was much younger than the onset age for major depression (23.2 years) and panic disorder. CONCLUSIONS: Anxiety disorders, especially social and simple phobias, appear to have an early onset in adolescence with potentially severe consequences, predisposing those affected to greater vulnerability to major depression and addictive disorders. SN - 0960-5371 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9829013/Prevalence_of_anxiety_disorders_and_their_comorbidity_with_mood_and_addictive_disorders_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/7698 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -