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Prevalence of primary glaucoma in an urban south Indian population.
Indian J Ophthalmol 1998; 46(2):81-6IJ

Abstract

Glaucoma is fast emerging as a major cause of blindness in India. In order to estimate the prevalence of primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) and primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG) in an urban South Indian population, we examined 972 individuals aged 30-60 years, chosen using a cluster sampling technique from 12 census blocks of Vellore town. They underwent a complete ocular examination, including applanation tonometry and gonioscopy, at the Medical College Hospital. Characteristic field defects on automated perimetry was a diagnostic requisite for POAG. Prevalence (95% CI) of POAG, PACG, and ocular hypertension were 4.1 (0.08-8.1), 43.2 (30.14-56.3), and 30.8 (19.8-41.9) per 1,000, respectively. All the PACG cases detected were of the chronic type. Hitherto unavailable community-based information on primary glaucoma in our study population indicates that PACG is about five times as common as POAG.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Schell Eye Hospital, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9847479

Citation

Jacob, A, et al. "Prevalence of Primary Glaucoma in an Urban South Indian Population." Indian Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 46, no. 2, 1998, pp. 81-6.
Jacob A, Thomas R, Koshi SP, et al. Prevalence of primary glaucoma in an urban south Indian population. Indian J Ophthalmol. 1998;46(2):81-6.
Jacob, A., Thomas, R., Koshi, S. P., Braganza, A., & Muliyil, J. (1998). Prevalence of primary glaucoma in an urban south Indian population. Indian Journal of Ophthalmology, 46(2), pp. 81-6.
Jacob A, et al. Prevalence of Primary Glaucoma in an Urban South Indian Population. Indian J Ophthalmol. 1998;46(2):81-6. PubMed PMID: 9847479.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of primary glaucoma in an urban south Indian population. AU - Jacob,A, AU - Thomas,R, AU - Koshi,S P, AU - Braganza,A, AU - Muliyil,J, PY - 1998/12/16/pubmed PY - 1998/12/16/medline PY - 1998/12/16/entrez SP - 81 EP - 6 JF - Indian journal of ophthalmology JO - Indian J Ophthalmol VL - 46 IS - 2 N2 - Glaucoma is fast emerging as a major cause of blindness in India. In order to estimate the prevalence of primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) and primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG) in an urban South Indian population, we examined 972 individuals aged 30-60 years, chosen using a cluster sampling technique from 12 census blocks of Vellore town. They underwent a complete ocular examination, including applanation tonometry and gonioscopy, at the Medical College Hospital. Characteristic field defects on automated perimetry was a diagnostic requisite for POAG. Prevalence (95% CI) of POAG, PACG, and ocular hypertension were 4.1 (0.08-8.1), 43.2 (30.14-56.3), and 30.8 (19.8-41.9) per 1,000, respectively. All the PACG cases detected were of the chronic type. Hitherto unavailable community-based information on primary glaucoma in our study population indicates that PACG is about five times as common as POAG. SN - 0301-4738 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9847479/Prevalence_of_primary_glaucoma_in_an_urban_south_Indian_population_ L2 - http://www.ijo.in/article.asp?issn=0301-4738;year=1998;volume=46;issue=2;spage=81;epage=86;aulast=Jacob DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -