Use of ketolides in combination with other drugs to treat experimental toxoplasmosis.J Antimicrob Chemother 1998; 42(5):665-7JA
Because combination therapy is required to treat human toxoplasmosis, we examined combinations of the ketolides HMR 3004 and HMR 3647 with atovaquone, clindamycin or sulphadiazine in a murine model of toxoplasmosis. An oral dose of 50 mg/kg/day of HMR 3004 protected 30% of mice lethally infected with Toxoplasma gondii. The same dose protected 100% of infected mice when administered in combination with non-protective doses of atovaquone, clindamycin or sulphadiazine. Similar results were noted with 25 mg/kg/day of HMR 3647. These results demonstrate that these drug combinations are highly effective for treating toxoplasmosis in mice.