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The APOE epsilon4 allele is associated with decline on delayed recall performance in community-dwelling older adults.
J Am Geriatr Soc 1998; 46(12):1493-8JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This study investigated whether the Apolipoprotein (APOE) epsilon4 allele was associated with cognitive decline in community-dwelling older adults.

DESIGN

Longitudinal cognitive performance of older adults with the epsilon3/epsilon4 genotype was compared with that of older adults with the epsilon3/epsilon3 genotype.

SETTING

Aging Clinical Research Center, Stanford University.

PARTICIPANTS

One hundred community-dwelling older adults were recruited from a pool of 531 individuals who had participated in a memory training study 4 to 5 years earlier. These individuals were concerned about their memory functioning and were recruited through newspaper advertisements and contacts with local senior centers. The 100 individuals who agreed to participate in the follow-up investigation were between 59 and 95 years of age.

MEASUREMENTS

At both baseline and follow-up, subjects were administered a battery of seven cognitive tests that examined verbal and spatial memory, attention, speed-of-processing, and language abilities. APOE genotype was determined at follow-up.

RESULTS

Individuals with the epsilon3/epsilon4 APOE genotype were significantly younger than individuals with the APOE epsilon3/epsilon3 genotype. No significant differences were observed between the two groups on measures of attention, speed-of-processing, vocabulary, immediate verbal memory, and immediate spatial memory. However, those older adults with the epsilon3/epsilon4 genotype exhibited significantly greater decline in performance on delayed recall of verbal material than did those with the epsilon3/epsilon3 APOE genotype.

CONCLUSION

These findings are consistent with previous studies, which suggest that the APOE epsilon4 allele predicts decline on measures of delayed recall.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, California, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9848808

Citation

O'Hara, R, et al. "The APOE Epsilon4 Allele Is Associated With Decline On Delayed Recall Performance in Community-dwelling Older Adults." Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 46, no. 12, 1998, pp. 1493-8.
O'Hara R, Yesavage JA, Kraemer HC, et al. The APOE epsilon4 allele is associated with decline on delayed recall performance in community-dwelling older adults. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1998;46(12):1493-8.
O'Hara, R., Yesavage, J. A., Kraemer, H. C., Mauricio, M., Friedman, L. F., & Murphy, G. M. (1998). The APOE epsilon4 allele is associated with decline on delayed recall performance in community-dwelling older adults. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 46(12), pp. 1493-8.
O'Hara R, et al. The APOE Epsilon4 Allele Is Associated With Decline On Delayed Recall Performance in Community-dwelling Older Adults. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1998;46(12):1493-8. PubMed PMID: 9848808.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The APOE epsilon4 allele is associated with decline on delayed recall performance in community-dwelling older adults. AU - O'Hara,R, AU - Yesavage,J A, AU - Kraemer,H C, AU - Mauricio,M, AU - Friedman,L F, AU - Murphy,G M,Jr PY - 1998/12/16/pubmed PY - 2001/3/28/medline PY - 1998/12/16/entrez SP - 1493 EP - 8 JF - Journal of the American Geriatrics Society JO - J Am Geriatr Soc VL - 46 IS - 12 N2 - OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether the Apolipoprotein (APOE) epsilon4 allele was associated with cognitive decline in community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Longitudinal cognitive performance of older adults with the epsilon3/epsilon4 genotype was compared with that of older adults with the epsilon3/epsilon3 genotype. SETTING: Aging Clinical Research Center, Stanford University. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred community-dwelling older adults were recruited from a pool of 531 individuals who had participated in a memory training study 4 to 5 years earlier. These individuals were concerned about their memory functioning and were recruited through newspaper advertisements and contacts with local senior centers. The 100 individuals who agreed to participate in the follow-up investigation were between 59 and 95 years of age. MEASUREMENTS: At both baseline and follow-up, subjects were administered a battery of seven cognitive tests that examined verbal and spatial memory, attention, speed-of-processing, and language abilities. APOE genotype was determined at follow-up. RESULTS: Individuals with the epsilon3/epsilon4 APOE genotype were significantly younger than individuals with the APOE epsilon3/epsilon3 genotype. No significant differences were observed between the two groups on measures of attention, speed-of-processing, vocabulary, immediate verbal memory, and immediate spatial memory. However, those older adults with the epsilon3/epsilon4 genotype exhibited significantly greater decline in performance on delayed recall of verbal material than did those with the epsilon3/epsilon3 APOE genotype. CONCLUSION: These findings are consistent with previous studies, which suggest that the APOE epsilon4 allele predicts decline on measures of delayed recall. SN - 0002-8614 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9848808/The_APOE_epsilon4_allele_is_associated_with_decline_on_delayed_recall_performance_in_community_dwelling_older_adults_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0002-8614&date=1998&volume=46&issue=12&spage=1493 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -