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Nutrient intake and food group consumption of 10-year-olds by sugar intake level: the Bogalusa Heart Study.
J Am Coll Nutr. 1998 Dec; 17(6):579-85.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The effect of total sugar intake on nutrient intake and food group consumption was examined in children.

METHODS

Twenty-four hour dietary recalls were collected on a sample of 568 ten-year-olds from two cross-sectional surveys. The population was stratified according to total sugar intake quartiles: < or = 25th (46 g/1000 kcal), 25-50th (67 g/1000 kcal), 50-75th (81 g/1000 kcal) and > or = 75th (106 g/1000 kcal).

RESULTS

No significant difference was shown in energy intakes across the quartiles and no significant race or gender differences were observed in mean total sugar intakes. However, with increasing total sugar intake, there was a significant linear decrease in mean intakes of protein, fat, saturated fat, starch, cholesterol, sodium, vitamins B6 and E, thiamin, niacin, iron, and zinc; and a significant linear increase in mean intakes of carbohydrate, fructose, lactose, sucrose, vitamin D, and calcium. Eating patterns reflected the differing nutrient intakes, with high sugar consumers having significantly higher intakes of total g of candy, beverages and milk and lower intakes of total g of meats, and cheese than lower sugar consumers. The nutritional quality of children's diets high in total sugar appear to be adequate regarding vitamin and mineral intakes and are closer to meeting current dietary fat recommendations.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Tulane Center for Cardiovascular Health, Tulane School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112-2824, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9853537

Citation

Farris, R P., et al. "Nutrient Intake and Food Group Consumption of 10-year-olds By Sugar Intake Level: the Bogalusa Heart Study." Journal of the American College of Nutrition, vol. 17, no. 6, 1998, pp. 579-85.
Farris RP, Nicklas TA, Myers L, et al. Nutrient intake and food group consumption of 10-year-olds by sugar intake level: the Bogalusa Heart Study. J Am Coll Nutr. 1998;17(6):579-85.
Farris, R. P., Nicklas, T. A., Myers, L., & Berenson, G. S. (1998). Nutrient intake and food group consumption of 10-year-olds by sugar intake level: the Bogalusa Heart Study. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 17(6), 579-85.
Farris RP, et al. Nutrient Intake and Food Group Consumption of 10-year-olds By Sugar Intake Level: the Bogalusa Heart Study. J Am Coll Nutr. 1998;17(6):579-85. PubMed PMID: 9853537.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nutrient intake and food group consumption of 10-year-olds by sugar intake level: the Bogalusa Heart Study. AU - Farris,R P, AU - Nicklas,T A, AU - Myers,L, AU - Berenson,G S, PY - 1998/12/16/pubmed PY - 1998/12/16/medline PY - 1998/12/16/entrez SP - 579 EP - 85 JF - Journal of the American College of Nutrition JO - J Am Coll Nutr VL - 17 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The effect of total sugar intake on nutrient intake and food group consumption was examined in children. METHODS: Twenty-four hour dietary recalls were collected on a sample of 568 ten-year-olds from two cross-sectional surveys. The population was stratified according to total sugar intake quartiles: < or = 25th (46 g/1000 kcal), 25-50th (67 g/1000 kcal), 50-75th (81 g/1000 kcal) and > or = 75th (106 g/1000 kcal). RESULTS: No significant difference was shown in energy intakes across the quartiles and no significant race or gender differences were observed in mean total sugar intakes. However, with increasing total sugar intake, there was a significant linear decrease in mean intakes of protein, fat, saturated fat, starch, cholesterol, sodium, vitamins B6 and E, thiamin, niacin, iron, and zinc; and a significant linear increase in mean intakes of carbohydrate, fructose, lactose, sucrose, vitamin D, and calcium. Eating patterns reflected the differing nutrient intakes, with high sugar consumers having significantly higher intakes of total g of candy, beverages and milk and lower intakes of total g of meats, and cheese than lower sugar consumers. The nutritional quality of children's diets high in total sugar appear to be adequate regarding vitamin and mineral intakes and are closer to meeting current dietary fat recommendations. SN - 0731-5724 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9853537/Nutrient_intake_and_food_group_consumption_of_10_year_olds_by_sugar_intake_level:_the_Bogalusa_Heart_Study_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/07315724.1998.10718806 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -