Protective effects of the antiparkinsonian drugs talipexole and pramipexole against 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium-induced apoptotic death in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells.Mol Pharmacol. 1998 Dec; 54(6):1046-54.MP
Treatment of human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells with 1 mM 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) for 3 days induced production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), followed by caspase-3 activation, cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), and apoptotic cell death with DNA fragmentation and characteristic morphological changes (condensed chromatin and fragmented nuclei). Simultaneous treatment with 1 mM talipexole slightly inhibited the MPP+-induced ROS production and apoptotic cell death. In contrast, pretreatment with 1 mM talipexole for 4 days markedly protected the cells against MPP+-induced apoptosis. However, this protective effect might not be mediated by dopamine receptors. The talipexole pretreatment induced an increase in antiapoptotic Bcl-2 protein level but had no effect on levels of proapoptotic Bax, Bak, and Bad. It also inhibited MPP+-induced ROS production, p53 expression, and cleavages of caspase-3 and PARP. Similarly, pramipexole pretreatment increased Bcl-2 and inhibited MPP+-induced apoptosis. Although pretreatment with bromocriptine also had a protective effect against MPP+-induced apoptosis, it had no effect on the protein levels of Bcl-2 family members. On the other hand, N6,2'-O-dibutyryl cAMP or calphostin C induced a decreased Bcl-2 level and enhanced MPP+-induced cell death. These results suggest that talipexole has dual actions: (1) it directly scavenges ROS, affording slight protection against MPP+-induced apoptosis, and (2) it induces Bcl-2 expression, thereby affording more potent protection, if it is administrated before MPP+. Pramipexole has similar effects, whereas bromocriptine seems to exhibit the former but not the latter effect.