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[Psychosocial factors at work and cardiovascular diseases: contribution of the Effort-Reward Imbalance model].
Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique. 1998 Nov; 46(5):398-410.RE

Abstract

The effect of psychosocial factors at work on health, especially cardiovascular health, has given rise to growing concern in occupational epidemiology over the last few years. Two theoretical models, Karasek's model and the Effort-Reward Imbalance model, have been developed to evaluate psychosocial factors at work within specific conceptual frameworks in an attempt to take into account the serious methodological difficulties inherent in the evaluation of such factors. Karasek's model, the most widely used model, measures three factors: psychological demands, decision latitude and social support at work. Many studies have shown the predictive effects of these factors on cardiovascular diseases independently of well-known cardiovascular risk factors. More recently, the Effort-Reward Imbalance model takes into account the role of individual coping characteristics which was neglected in the Karasek model. The effort-reward imbalance model focuses on the reciprocity of exchange in occupational life where high-cost/low-gain conditions are considered particularly stressful. Three dimensions of rewards are distinguished: money, esteem and gratifications in terms of promotion prospects and job security. Some studies already support that high-effort/low reward-conditions are predictive of cardiovascular diseases.

Authors+Show Affiliations

INSERM U88, Hôpital National de Saint-Maurice.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
English Abstract
Journal Article
Review

Language

fre

PubMed ID

9864769

Citation

Niedhammer, I, and J Siegrist. "[Psychosocial Factors at Work and Cardiovascular Diseases: Contribution of the Effort-Reward Imbalance Model]." Revue D'epidemiologie Et De Sante Publique, vol. 46, no. 5, 1998, pp. 398-410.
Niedhammer I, Siegrist J. [Psychosocial factors at work and cardiovascular diseases: contribution of the Effort-Reward Imbalance model]. Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique. 1998;46(5):398-410.
Niedhammer, I., & Siegrist, J. (1998). [Psychosocial factors at work and cardiovascular diseases: contribution of the Effort-Reward Imbalance model]. Revue D'epidemiologie Et De Sante Publique, 46(5), 398-410.
Niedhammer I, Siegrist J. [Psychosocial Factors at Work and Cardiovascular Diseases: Contribution of the Effort-Reward Imbalance Model]. Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique. 1998;46(5):398-410. PubMed PMID: 9864769.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Psychosocial factors at work and cardiovascular diseases: contribution of the Effort-Reward Imbalance model]. AU - Niedhammer,I, AU - Siegrist,J, PY - 1998/12/29/pubmed PY - 1998/12/29/medline PY - 1998/12/29/entrez SP - 398 EP - 410 JF - Revue d'epidemiologie et de sante publique JO - Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique VL - 46 IS - 5 N2 - The effect of psychosocial factors at work on health, especially cardiovascular health, has given rise to growing concern in occupational epidemiology over the last few years. Two theoretical models, Karasek's model and the Effort-Reward Imbalance model, have been developed to evaluate psychosocial factors at work within specific conceptual frameworks in an attempt to take into account the serious methodological difficulties inherent in the evaluation of such factors. Karasek's model, the most widely used model, measures three factors: psychological demands, decision latitude and social support at work. Many studies have shown the predictive effects of these factors on cardiovascular diseases independently of well-known cardiovascular risk factors. More recently, the Effort-Reward Imbalance model takes into account the role of individual coping characteristics which was neglected in the Karasek model. The effort-reward imbalance model focuses on the reciprocity of exchange in occupational life where high-cost/low-gain conditions are considered particularly stressful. Three dimensions of rewards are distinguished: money, esteem and gratifications in terms of promotion prospects and job security. Some studies already support that high-effort/low reward-conditions are predictive of cardiovascular diseases. SN - 0398-7620 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9864769/[Psychosocial_factors_at_work_and_cardiovascular_diseases:_contribution_of_the_Effort_Reward_Imbalance_model]_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/occupationalhealth.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -