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Factors influencing elementary school teachers' ratings of ADHD and ODD behaviors.
J Clin Child Psychol. 1998 Dec; 27(4):406-14.JC

Abstract

Examined factors that influence teachers' ratings of children with either attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). 105 teachers watched 2 videotapes--1 depicting a normal child and the other a child with either ADHD or ODD--and rated each child using 2 different questionnaires. Results indicated that teachers accurately rated the child on the ADHD versus ODD tape as having significantly more inattention and hyperactivity but significantly less oppositionality. However, effect sizes indicated the presence of a unidirectional, negative halo effect of oppositional behaviors on ratings of hyperactivity and inattention. Teachers appeared less biased in their judgments when using a well-operationalized rating scale. Finally, knowledge, education, and experience with children with ADHD generally had no effect on the accuracy of teachers' ratings.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Indiana University, Bloomington 47405-1301, USA. jhsteven@indiana.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9866077

Citation

Stevens, J, et al. "Factors Influencing Elementary School Teachers' Ratings of ADHD and ODD Behaviors." Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, vol. 27, no. 4, 1998, pp. 406-14.
Stevens J, Quittner AL, Abikoff H. Factors influencing elementary school teachers' ratings of ADHD and ODD behaviors. J Clin Child Psychol. 1998;27(4):406-14.
Stevens, J., Quittner, A. L., & Abikoff, H. (1998). Factors influencing elementary school teachers' ratings of ADHD and ODD behaviors. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 27(4), 406-14.
Stevens J, Quittner AL, Abikoff H. Factors Influencing Elementary School Teachers' Ratings of ADHD and ODD Behaviors. J Clin Child Psychol. 1998;27(4):406-14. PubMed PMID: 9866077.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Factors influencing elementary school teachers' ratings of ADHD and ODD behaviors. AU - Stevens,J, AU - Quittner,A L, AU - Abikoff,H, PY - 1998/12/29/pubmed PY - 1998/12/29/medline PY - 1998/12/29/entrez SP - 406 EP - 14 JF - Journal of clinical child psychology JO - J Clin Child Psychol VL - 27 IS - 4 N2 - Examined factors that influence teachers' ratings of children with either attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). 105 teachers watched 2 videotapes--1 depicting a normal child and the other a child with either ADHD or ODD--and rated each child using 2 different questionnaires. Results indicated that teachers accurately rated the child on the ADHD versus ODD tape as having significantly more inattention and hyperactivity but significantly less oppositionality. However, effect sizes indicated the presence of a unidirectional, negative halo effect of oppositional behaviors on ratings of hyperactivity and inattention. Teachers appeared less biased in their judgments when using a well-operationalized rating scale. Finally, knowledge, education, and experience with children with ADHD generally had no effect on the accuracy of teachers' ratings. SN - 0047-228X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9866077/Factors_influencing_elementary_school_teachers'_ratings_of_ADHD_and_ODD_behaviors_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/attentiondeficithyperactivitydisorder.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -