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Association between dietary fat and breast cancer in Puerto Rican postmenopausal women attending a breast cancer clinic.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

A pilot case-control study was conducted to examine the possible association between dietary fat intake and the development of postmenopausal breast cancer.

BACKGROUND

Studies regarding the association between dietary fat intake and the development of breast cancer among postmenopausal women are lacking in Puerto Rico.

METHODS

Eighteen cases and eighteen controls were interviewed to obtain sociodemographic information, medical history and dietary fat intake. A semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire containing 67 food items was used to collect the dietary information.

RESULTS

Unadjusted odds ratios (OR) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) showed a non-significant positive association for total fat intake and the development of postmenopausal breast cancer (OR = 1.57; 95% CI: 0.42-5.90, p = 0.25). The same non significant positive association was found for saturated fat intake (OR = 1.57; 95% CI: 0.42-5.90, p = 0.25). Polyunsaturated fat (OR = 1.25; 95% CI: 0.34-4.64, p = 0.37) and monounsaturated fat (OR = 1.25; 95% CI: 0.34-4.64, p = 0.37) were also positively associated with postmenopausal breast cancer, although the associations were not statistically significant.

CONCLUSIONS

These results are consistent with other case-control studies that have shown non-significant positive associations between total fat and the different components of dietary fat and postmenopausal breast cancer.

Authors+Show Affiliations

,

Department of Human Development, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan 00936-5067.

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Source

Puerto Rico health sciences journal 17:3 1998 Sep pg 235-41

MeSH

Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Breast Neoplasms
Case-Control Studies
Child
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Dietary Fats
Dietary Fats, Unsaturated
Fatty Acids
Female
Humans
Menarche
Middle Aged
Postmenopause
Puerto Rico
Risk Factors
Software

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9883469

Citation

Santiago, E, et al. "Association Between Dietary Fat and Breast Cancer in Puerto Rican Postmenopausal Women Attending a Breast Cancer Clinic." Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal, vol. 17, no. 3, 1998, pp. 235-41.
Santiago E, González MJ, Matos MI, et al. Association between dietary fat and breast cancer in Puerto Rican postmenopausal women attending a breast cancer clinic. P R Health Sci J. 1998;17(3):235-41.
Santiago, E., González, M. J., Matos, M. I., & Pérez, C. M. (1998). Association between dietary fat and breast cancer in Puerto Rican postmenopausal women attending a breast cancer clinic. Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal, 17(3), pp. 235-41.
Santiago E, et al. Association Between Dietary Fat and Breast Cancer in Puerto Rican Postmenopausal Women Attending a Breast Cancer Clinic. P R Health Sci J. 1998;17(3):235-41. PubMed PMID: 9883469.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Association between dietary fat and breast cancer in Puerto Rican postmenopausal women attending a breast cancer clinic. AU - Santiago,E, AU - González,M J, AU - Matos,M I, AU - Pérez,C M, PY - 1999/1/12/pubmed PY - 1999/1/12/medline PY - 1999/1/12/entrez SP - 235 EP - 41 JF - Puerto Rico health sciences journal JO - P R Health Sci J VL - 17 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: A pilot case-control study was conducted to examine the possible association between dietary fat intake and the development of postmenopausal breast cancer. BACKGROUND: Studies regarding the association between dietary fat intake and the development of breast cancer among postmenopausal women are lacking in Puerto Rico. METHODS: Eighteen cases and eighteen controls were interviewed to obtain sociodemographic information, medical history and dietary fat intake. A semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire containing 67 food items was used to collect the dietary information. RESULTS: Unadjusted odds ratios (OR) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) showed a non-significant positive association for total fat intake and the development of postmenopausal breast cancer (OR = 1.57; 95% CI: 0.42-5.90, p = 0.25). The same non significant positive association was found for saturated fat intake (OR = 1.57; 95% CI: 0.42-5.90, p = 0.25). Polyunsaturated fat (OR = 1.25; 95% CI: 0.34-4.64, p = 0.37) and monounsaturated fat (OR = 1.25; 95% CI: 0.34-4.64, p = 0.37) were also positively associated with postmenopausal breast cancer, although the associations were not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: These results are consistent with other case-control studies that have shown non-significant positive associations between total fat and the different components of dietary fat and postmenopausal breast cancer. SN - 0738-0658 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9883469/Association_between_dietary_fat_and_breast_cancer_in_Puerto_Rican_postmenopausal_women_attending_a_breast_cancer_clinic_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/960 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -