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[Breast feeding at maternity hospitals in France in 1995. National perinatal survey].
Arch Pediatr 1998; 5(12):1316-26AP

Abstract

The objectives of the study were to estimate the current level of breast-feeding at hospital discharge in France, and to identify maternal factors and characteristics of the pregnancy and delivery associated with breast-feeding.

DATA AND METHODS

The sample included all births during 1 week in France in 1995 (n = 12,179 babies). The data were collected during the postnatal stay in hospital. Factors associated with breast-feeding were identified, using bivariate analysis and multiple logistic regression. As the relations between the studied factors and breast-feeding differed between French women and women of foreign nationality, multivariate analysis was carried out separately in the two groups.

RESULTS

In 1995, 52% of babies were breastfed at hospital discharge, including 10% of babies partially breastfed. Breastfeeding was more common among women of foreign nationality than among French women, 76 vs 49%. In both groups, breastfeeding was more common among older women, women with a high level of education or a qualified occupation; breastfeeding was also more frequent among non smokers during pregnancy and among women who attended antenatal classes. On the contrary, among French women, induction of labour and delivery in a small hospital were associated with a low level of breastfeeding; among women of foreign nationality, a low level of breastfeeding was observed for unmarried women, women who had an induction or a caesarean section, and those who delivered in a private hospital.

CONCLUSION

France was at the lowest level among Western countries for which national data on breastfeeding were available. Efforts to promote breastfeeding are needed, both towards sub-groups of pregnant women and towards health professionals. Maternity hospitals should provide support to breastfeeding mothers, and avoid practices which may affect breastfeeding.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Inserm Unité 149, Villejuif, France.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
English Abstract
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

fre

PubMed ID

9885737

Citation

Crost, M, and M Kaminski. "[Breast Feeding at Maternity Hospitals in France in 1995. National Perinatal Survey]." Archives De Pediatrie : Organe Officiel De La Societe Francaise De Pediatrie, vol. 5, no. 12, 1998, pp. 1316-26.
Crost M, Kaminski M. [Breast feeding at maternity hospitals in France in 1995. National perinatal survey]. Arch Pediatr. 1998;5(12):1316-26.
Crost, M., & Kaminski, M. (1998). [Breast feeding at maternity hospitals in France in 1995. National perinatal survey]. Archives De Pediatrie : Organe Officiel De La Societe Francaise De Pediatrie, 5(12), pp. 1316-26.
Crost M, Kaminski M. [Breast Feeding at Maternity Hospitals in France in 1995. National Perinatal Survey]. Arch Pediatr. 1998;5(12):1316-26. PubMed PMID: 9885737.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Breast feeding at maternity hospitals in France in 1995. National perinatal survey]. AU - Crost,M, AU - Kaminski,M, PY - 1999/1/14/pubmed PY - 2000/5/5/medline PY - 1999/1/14/entrez SP - 1316 EP - 26 JF - Archives de pediatrie : organe officiel de la Societe francaise de pediatrie JO - Arch Pediatr VL - 5 IS - 12 N2 - UNLABELLED: The objectives of the study were to estimate the current level of breast-feeding at hospital discharge in France, and to identify maternal factors and characteristics of the pregnancy and delivery associated with breast-feeding. DATA AND METHODS: The sample included all births during 1 week in France in 1995 (n = 12,179 babies). The data were collected during the postnatal stay in hospital. Factors associated with breast-feeding were identified, using bivariate analysis and multiple logistic regression. As the relations between the studied factors and breast-feeding differed between French women and women of foreign nationality, multivariate analysis was carried out separately in the two groups. RESULTS: In 1995, 52% of babies were breastfed at hospital discharge, including 10% of babies partially breastfed. Breastfeeding was more common among women of foreign nationality than among French women, 76 vs 49%. In both groups, breastfeeding was more common among older women, women with a high level of education or a qualified occupation; breastfeeding was also more frequent among non smokers during pregnancy and among women who attended antenatal classes. On the contrary, among French women, induction of labour and delivery in a small hospital were associated with a low level of breastfeeding; among women of foreign nationality, a low level of breastfeeding was observed for unmarried women, women who had an induction or a caesarean section, and those who delivered in a private hospital. CONCLUSION: France was at the lowest level among Western countries for which national data on breastfeeding were available. Efforts to promote breastfeeding are needed, both towards sub-groups of pregnant women and towards health professionals. Maternity hospitals should provide support to breastfeeding mothers, and avoid practices which may affect breastfeeding. SN - 0929-693X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9885737/[Breast_feeding_at_maternity_hospitals_in_France_in_1995__National_perinatal_survey]_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0929693X99800499 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -