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Diarrhoea in children of Nigerian market women: prevalence, knowledge of causes, and management.
J Diarrhoeal Dis Res. 1998 Sep; 16(3):194-200.JD

Abstract

A cross-sectional survey was carried out among mothers of children aged less than five years in two markets in Ibadan, one with poor environmental sanitation and the other clean and well maintained. The study took place between September 1996 and March 1997. The questionnaire used for this survey sought information about the occurrence of diarrhoea among children aged less than five years, their mothers' knowledge about the management of diarrhoea and their practices, including care-seeking practices, and the use of oral rehydration solutions. Two hundred and sixty-six mothers were interviewed in the first market (Bodija) and 260 in the other (Gbagi). Thirty-seven percent of the children in the cleaner market (Gbagi) were said to have had diarrhoea within the last 3 months compared to 33% of the children in the unhygienic Bodija market (p > 0.05). These results suggest that environmental sanitation may not be a major determinant of diarrhoea among children of the two groups of market women. When their children had diarrhoea, 44% (Bodija) and 40% (Gbagi) of the mothers attended health centres, 33% (Bodija) and 32% (Gbagi) gave ORT at home, and 12% (Bodija) and 19% (Gbagi) purchased drugs at a chemist. The study further showed that, while only one-third of all respondents resorted to home-treatment of diarrhoea with ORS, more than 80% of them knew the components and composition of ORS solution. There is a need to continue to encourage mothers to use ORS and, thus, bridge the knowledge-practice gap in mothers' management of diarrhoea at home.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9919017

Citation

Omokhodion, F O., et al. "Diarrhoea in Children of Nigerian Market Women: Prevalence, Knowledge of Causes, and Management." Journal of Diarrhoeal Diseases Research, vol. 16, no. 3, 1998, pp. 194-200.
Omokhodion FO, Oyemade A, Sridhar MK, et al. Diarrhoea in children of Nigerian market women: prevalence, knowledge of causes, and management. J Diarrhoeal Dis Res. 1998;16(3):194-200.
Omokhodion, F. O., Oyemade, A., Sridhar, M. K., Olaseha, I. O., & Olawuyi, J. F. (1998). Diarrhoea in children of Nigerian market women: prevalence, knowledge of causes, and management. Journal of Diarrhoeal Diseases Research, 16(3), 194-200.
Omokhodion FO, et al. Diarrhoea in Children of Nigerian Market Women: Prevalence, Knowledge of Causes, and Management. J Diarrhoeal Dis Res. 1998;16(3):194-200. PubMed PMID: 9919017.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Diarrhoea in children of Nigerian market women: prevalence, knowledge of causes, and management. AU - Omokhodion,F O, AU - Oyemade,A, AU - Sridhar,M K, AU - Olaseha,I O, AU - Olawuyi,J F, PY - 1999/1/27/pubmed PY - 1999/1/27/medline PY - 1999/1/27/entrez KW - Africa KW - Africa South Of The Sahara KW - Age Factors KW - Child KW - Commerce KW - Demographic Factors KW - Developing Countries KW - Diarrhea KW - Diseases KW - Economic Factors KW - English Speaking Africa KW - Family And Household KW - Family Characteristics KW - Family Relationships KW - Health KW - Knowledge KW - Macroeconomic Factors KW - Measurement KW - Mothers KW - Needs KW - Nigeria KW - Oral Rehydration KW - Parents KW - Population KW - Population Characteristics KW - Prevalence KW - Public Health KW - Research Methodology KW - Research Report KW - Sanitation KW - Treatment KW - Urban Population KW - Western Africa KW - Youth SP - 194 EP - 200 JF - Journal of diarrhoeal diseases research JO - J Diarrhoeal Dis Res VL - 16 IS - 3 N2 - A cross-sectional survey was carried out among mothers of children aged less than five years in two markets in Ibadan, one with poor environmental sanitation and the other clean and well maintained. The study took place between September 1996 and March 1997. The questionnaire used for this survey sought information about the occurrence of diarrhoea among children aged less than five years, their mothers' knowledge about the management of diarrhoea and their practices, including care-seeking practices, and the use of oral rehydration solutions. Two hundred and sixty-six mothers were interviewed in the first market (Bodija) and 260 in the other (Gbagi). Thirty-seven percent of the children in the cleaner market (Gbagi) were said to have had diarrhoea within the last 3 months compared to 33% of the children in the unhygienic Bodija market (p > 0.05). These results suggest that environmental sanitation may not be a major determinant of diarrhoea among children of the two groups of market women. When their children had diarrhoea, 44% (Bodija) and 40% (Gbagi) of the mothers attended health centres, 33% (Bodija) and 32% (Gbagi) gave ORT at home, and 12% (Bodija) and 19% (Gbagi) purchased drugs at a chemist. The study further showed that, while only one-third of all respondents resorted to home-treatment of diarrhoea with ORS, more than 80% of them knew the components and composition of ORS solution. There is a need to continue to encourage mothers to use ORS and, thus, bridge the knowledge-practice gap in mothers' management of diarrhoea at home. SN - 0253-8768 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9919017/Diarrhoea_in_children_of_Nigerian_market_women:_prevalence_knowledge_of_causes_and_management_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/diarrhea.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -