Normal serum concentrations of sex hormone binding-globulin in patients with hyperthyroidism due to subacute thyroiditis.Thyroid. 1998 Dec; 8(12):1107-11.T
Serum concentrations of sex hormone binding-globulin (SHBG) were determined in patients with hyperthyroidism (n = 94; 12 men, 82 women) due to either Graves' disease (n = 59; 11 men, 48 women), autonomous thyroid adenomas (n = 23; 1 man, 22 women), or subacute thyroiditis (n = 12; all women). Elevated serum concentrations of SHBG were initially seen in 57 of 82 patients (69%) with hyperthyroidism due to either Graves's disease or due to autonomous adenoma. Elevated serum SHBG concentration was more frequent in patients with serum total thyroxine (TT4) concentrations greater than 15.0 microg/dL (32/39 [82%]; including 3 patients with autonomous adenoma) compared to those with serum TT4 concentration between 11.0 and 15.0 microg/dL (21/27 [77%]; including 7 patients with autonomous adenoma), or patients with an isolated elevation of serum total triiodothyronine (TT3) concentration (4/16 [25%]; including 2 patients with autonomous adenoma). Serum SHBG concentration normalized when patients became euthyroid. Only 1 of 12 patients in the hyperthyroid phase of subacute thyroiditis had an elevated serum concentration of SHBG. Serum concentrations of thyroid binding globulin (TBG) and transcortin (CBG) were normal in all but 1 patient. In patients with hyperthyroidism as a result of Graves' disease or autonomous adenoma serum SHBG concentrations were elevated with the greatest elevation found in patients with the highest serum T4 concentrations. The normal concentrations of SHBG in the hyperthyroid phase of subacute thyroiditis most likely reflects the shorter duration of exposure to increased thyroid hormone in this condition.