Radiation sensitivity of an Escherichia coli mutant lacking NADP+-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase.Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1999 Jan 27; 254(3):647-50.BB
Ionizing radiation induces the production of reactive oxygen species, which play an important causative role in radiation damage. NADP+-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase (ICDH) in Escherichia coli produces NADPH, an essential reducing equivalent for the antioxidant system. The protective role of ICDH against ionizing radiation in E. coli was investigated in wild-type and ICDH-deficient strains. Upon exposure to ionizing radiation, the viability was lower and the lipid peroxidation was higher in mutant cells compared to wild-type cells. Activities of key antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione reductase, and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase were decreased by irradiation in both cells. Results suggest that ICDH plays an important role as an antioxidant enzyme in cellular defense against ionizing radiation.