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Alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking, and risk of benign prostatic hyperplasia.
Am J Epidemiol 1999; 149(2):106-15AJ

Abstract

Alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking were evaluated in relation to development of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) among 29,386 members of the Health Professionals Follow-up Study. Men who were 40-75 years old in 1986 and free of prior BPH surgery, diagnosed cancer at baseline, and prostate cancer at baseline and during follow-up were followed for incidence of BPH surgery from 1986 to 1994. Cases were men who reported BPH surgery between 1986 and 1994 (n = 1,813) or who scored > or = 15 points of 35 on seven lower urinary tract symptom questions modified from the American Urological Association symptom index in 1992 and 1994 (n = 1,786); noncases were men who scored < or = 7 points (n = 20,840). After controlling for age, race/ethnicity, body mass index, physical activity, and mutually for alcohol intake and smoking, moderate alcohol consumption was inversely related with total BPH (30.1-50 g/day vs. 0: odds ratio (OR) = 0.59, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.51-0.70; p trend < 0.0001), although the relation was attenuated at high intake (> or = 50.1 g/day vs. 0: OR = 0.72, 95% CI 0.57-0.90). Current cigarette smoking was positively related to total BPH only among those who smoked 35 or more cigarettes/day (compared with never smokers: OR = 1.45, 95% CI 1.07-1.97). These findings suggest that moderate alcohol consumption and avoidance of smoking may benefit BPH.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9921955

Citation

Platz, E A., et al. "Alcohol Consumption, Cigarette Smoking, and Risk of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia." American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 149, no. 2, 1999, pp. 106-15.
Platz EA, Rimm EB, Kawachi I, et al. Alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking, and risk of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Am J Epidemiol. 1999;149(2):106-15.
Platz, E. A., Rimm, E. B., Kawachi, I., Colditz, G. A., Stampfer, M. J., Willett, W. C., & Giovannucci, E. (1999). Alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking, and risk of benign prostatic hyperplasia. American Journal of Epidemiology, 149(2), pp. 106-15.
Platz EA, et al. Alcohol Consumption, Cigarette Smoking, and Risk of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia. Am J Epidemiol. 1999 Jan 15;149(2):106-15. PubMed PMID: 9921955.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking, and risk of benign prostatic hyperplasia. AU - Platz,E A, AU - Rimm,E B, AU - Kawachi,I, AU - Colditz,G A, AU - Stampfer,M J, AU - Willett,W C, AU - Giovannucci,E, PY - 1999/1/28/pubmed PY - 1999/1/28/medline PY - 1999/1/28/entrez SP - 106 EP - 15 JF - American journal of epidemiology JO - Am. J. Epidemiol. VL - 149 IS - 2 N2 - Alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking were evaluated in relation to development of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) among 29,386 members of the Health Professionals Follow-up Study. Men who were 40-75 years old in 1986 and free of prior BPH surgery, diagnosed cancer at baseline, and prostate cancer at baseline and during follow-up were followed for incidence of BPH surgery from 1986 to 1994. Cases were men who reported BPH surgery between 1986 and 1994 (n = 1,813) or who scored > or = 15 points of 35 on seven lower urinary tract symptom questions modified from the American Urological Association symptom index in 1992 and 1994 (n = 1,786); noncases were men who scored < or = 7 points (n = 20,840). After controlling for age, race/ethnicity, body mass index, physical activity, and mutually for alcohol intake and smoking, moderate alcohol consumption was inversely related with total BPH (30.1-50 g/day vs. 0: odds ratio (OR) = 0.59, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.51-0.70; p trend < 0.0001), although the relation was attenuated at high intake (> or = 50.1 g/day vs. 0: OR = 0.72, 95% CI 0.57-0.90). Current cigarette smoking was positively related to total BPH only among those who smoked 35 or more cigarettes/day (compared with never smokers: OR = 1.45, 95% CI 1.07-1.97). These findings suggest that moderate alcohol consumption and avoidance of smoking may benefit BPH. SN - 0002-9262 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9921955/Alcohol_consumption_cigarette_smoking_and_risk_of_benign_prostatic_hyperplasia_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/aje/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a009775 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -