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Diet, alcohol, coffee and pancreatic cancer: final results from an Italian study.

Abstract

The relation between selected indicator foods, alcohol and coffee intake, and the risk of pancreatic cancer was evaluated in a case-control study conducted between 1983 and 1992 in northern Italy on 362 patients with histologically confirmed, incident cancers of the pancreas, and 1,552 controls in hospital for acute, non-neoplastic diseases. Odds ratios (ORs) for subsequent tertiles of intake were computed after allowance for sociodemographic factors and tobacco smoking. Pancreatic cancer risk was directly associated with consumption of meat (OR for the highest frequency tertile = 1.43), liver (OR = 1.43) and ham and sausages (OR = 1.64), and inversely with consumption of fresh fruit (OR = 0.59), fish (OR = 0.65) and olive oil (OR = 0.58). No appreciable association was found with coffee (OR = 1.21) and alcohol consumption (OR = 1.20). A summary score was derived by summing the six related food items; compared to the lowest level, the OR was 2.7 for the highest quintile, and the population attributable risk was 36% (95% confidence interval, 15-57%), indicating the scope of diet for the prevention of this common neoplasm in the Italian population.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Milan, Italy.

    , , ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Adult
    Aged
    Alcohol Drinking
    Case-Control Studies
    Coffee
    Diet
    Female
    Humans
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Odds Ratio
    Pancreatic Neoplasms
    Risk Factors

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    9926293

    Citation

    Soler, M, et al. "Diet, Alcohol, Coffee and Pancreatic Cancer: Final Results From an Italian Study." European Journal of Cancer Prevention : the Official Journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP), vol. 7, no. 6, 1998, pp. 455-60.
    Soler M, Chatenoud L, La Vecchia C, et al. Diet, alcohol, coffee and pancreatic cancer: final results from an Italian study. Eur J Cancer Prev. 1998;7(6):455-60.
    Soler, M., Chatenoud, L., La Vecchia, C., Franceschi, S., & Negri, E. (1998). Diet, alcohol, coffee and pancreatic cancer: final results from an Italian study. European Journal of Cancer Prevention : the Official Journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP), 7(6), pp. 455-60.
    Soler M, et al. Diet, Alcohol, Coffee and Pancreatic Cancer: Final Results From an Italian Study. Eur J Cancer Prev. 1998;7(6):455-60. PubMed PMID: 9926293.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Diet, alcohol, coffee and pancreatic cancer: final results from an Italian study. AU - Soler,M, AU - Chatenoud,L, AU - La Vecchia,C, AU - Franceschi,S, AU - Negri,E, PY - 1999/2/2/pubmed PY - 1999/2/2/medline PY - 1999/2/2/entrez SP - 455 EP - 60 JF - European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP) JO - Eur. J. Cancer Prev. VL - 7 IS - 6 N2 - The relation between selected indicator foods, alcohol and coffee intake, and the risk of pancreatic cancer was evaluated in a case-control study conducted between 1983 and 1992 in northern Italy on 362 patients with histologically confirmed, incident cancers of the pancreas, and 1,552 controls in hospital for acute, non-neoplastic diseases. Odds ratios (ORs) for subsequent tertiles of intake were computed after allowance for sociodemographic factors and tobacco smoking. Pancreatic cancer risk was directly associated with consumption of meat (OR for the highest frequency tertile = 1.43), liver (OR = 1.43) and ham and sausages (OR = 1.64), and inversely with consumption of fresh fruit (OR = 0.59), fish (OR = 0.65) and olive oil (OR = 0.58). No appreciable association was found with coffee (OR = 1.21) and alcohol consumption (OR = 1.20). A summary score was derived by summing the six related food items; compared to the lowest level, the OR was 2.7 for the highest quintile, and the population attributable risk was 36% (95% confidence interval, 15-57%), indicating the scope of diet for the prevention of this common neoplasm in the Italian population. SN - 0959-8278 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9926293/Diet_alcohol_coffee_and_pancreatic_cancer:_final_results_from_an_Italian_study_ L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=linkout&SEARCH=9926293.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -