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The prevalence of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, and Bacteroides forsythus in humans 1 year after 4 randomized treatment modalities.
J Periodontol. 1998 Dec; 69(12):1364-72.JP

Abstract

The relationship between probing attachment changes in treated periodontal pockets and the prevalence of selected periodontal pathogens was assessed in 10 patients with adult periodontitis 1 year following randomized therapy. All patients had at least 1 tooth in each quadrant with an inflamed pocket of probing depth > or =5 mm and clinical attachment loss and harbored at least one of the following 3 major periodontal pathogens: Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, or Bacteroides forsythus. The number of target organisms per site was determined preoperatively; at 1 week; and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively utilizing DNA probes. The following clinical parameters were measured and recorded preoperatively and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months post-treatment: gingival fluid flow, gingival index, plaque index, probing depth, probing attachment level, gingival recession, and bleeding on probing. One quadrant in each patient was randomly assigned to 1 of the following 4 treatments: 1) scaling and root planing; 2) pocket reduction through osseous surgery and apically-positioned flap; 3) modified Widman flap; and 4) modified Widman flap and topical application of saturated citric acid at pH 1 for 3 minutes. All 4 treatments were rendered in one appointment using local anesthesia. No postoperative antibiotics were used, but patients rinsed with 0.12% chlorhexidine for the first 3 months postoperatively and received a prophylaxis every 3 months. This investigation revealed: 1) 30.0% of the sites were infected by at least 1 species at 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively. 2) Failing sites were infected by a high number of both Pg and Bf These sites had a mean of 24.2+/-9.0 x 10(3) Pg and 93.1+/-42.0 X 10(3) Bf while stable sites had a mean of 6.8+/-0.5 x 10(3) Pg and 7.2+/-1.2 x 10(3) Bf (P = 0.06 and P = 0.05, respectively). 3) The infected sites lost significantly more mean clinical attachment at 12 months (1.5+/-0.5 mm compared to a loss of 0.2+/-0.3 mm for uninfected sites, P = 0.017). 4) The infected sites had a significantly greater BOP (67+/-14% versus 25+/-8% for uninfected sites at 12 months, P = 0.012). 5) The choice of treatment modality did not affect the prevalence of the target species at 1 year post-treatment. These results suggest that prevalence of microbial pathogens negatively affects the 1 year outcome of periodontal surgical and nonsurgical therapy.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Periodontology, The University of Tennessee, College of Dentistry, Memphis 38163, USA. JacobShiloah@dental.utmem.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9926766

Citation

Shiloah, J, et al. "The Prevalence of Actinobacillus Actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas Gingivalis, and Bacteroides Forsythus in Humans 1 Year After 4 Randomized Treatment Modalities." Journal of Periodontology, vol. 69, no. 12, 1998, pp. 1364-72.
Shiloah J, Patters MR, Dean JW, et al. The prevalence of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, and Bacteroides forsythus in humans 1 year after 4 randomized treatment modalities. J Periodontol. 1998;69(12):1364-72.
Shiloah, J., Patters, M. R., Dean, J. W., Bland, P., & Toledo, G. (1998). The prevalence of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, and Bacteroides forsythus in humans 1 year after 4 randomized treatment modalities. Journal of Periodontology, 69(12), 1364-72.
Shiloah J, et al. The Prevalence of Actinobacillus Actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas Gingivalis, and Bacteroides Forsythus in Humans 1 Year After 4 Randomized Treatment Modalities. J Periodontol. 1998;69(12):1364-72. PubMed PMID: 9926766.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The prevalence of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, and Bacteroides forsythus in humans 1 year after 4 randomized treatment modalities. AU - Shiloah,J, AU - Patters,M R, AU - Dean,J W,3rd AU - Bland,P, AU - Toledo,G, PY - 1999/2/2/pubmed PY - 2001/3/28/medline PY - 1999/2/2/entrez SP - 1364 EP - 72 JF - Journal of periodontology JO - J Periodontol VL - 69 IS - 12 N2 - The relationship between probing attachment changes in treated periodontal pockets and the prevalence of selected periodontal pathogens was assessed in 10 patients with adult periodontitis 1 year following randomized therapy. All patients had at least 1 tooth in each quadrant with an inflamed pocket of probing depth > or =5 mm and clinical attachment loss and harbored at least one of the following 3 major periodontal pathogens: Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, or Bacteroides forsythus. The number of target organisms per site was determined preoperatively; at 1 week; and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively utilizing DNA probes. The following clinical parameters were measured and recorded preoperatively and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months post-treatment: gingival fluid flow, gingival index, plaque index, probing depth, probing attachment level, gingival recession, and bleeding on probing. One quadrant in each patient was randomly assigned to 1 of the following 4 treatments: 1) scaling and root planing; 2) pocket reduction through osseous surgery and apically-positioned flap; 3) modified Widman flap; and 4) modified Widman flap and topical application of saturated citric acid at pH 1 for 3 minutes. All 4 treatments were rendered in one appointment using local anesthesia. No postoperative antibiotics were used, but patients rinsed with 0.12% chlorhexidine for the first 3 months postoperatively and received a prophylaxis every 3 months. This investigation revealed: 1) 30.0% of the sites were infected by at least 1 species at 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively. 2) Failing sites were infected by a high number of both Pg and Bf These sites had a mean of 24.2+/-9.0 x 10(3) Pg and 93.1+/-42.0 X 10(3) Bf while stable sites had a mean of 6.8+/-0.5 x 10(3) Pg and 7.2+/-1.2 x 10(3) Bf (P = 0.06 and P = 0.05, respectively). 3) The infected sites lost significantly more mean clinical attachment at 12 months (1.5+/-0.5 mm compared to a loss of 0.2+/-0.3 mm for uninfected sites, P = 0.017). 4) The infected sites had a significantly greater BOP (67+/-14% versus 25+/-8% for uninfected sites at 12 months, P = 0.012). 5) The choice of treatment modality did not affect the prevalence of the target species at 1 year post-treatment. These results suggest that prevalence of microbial pathogens negatively affects the 1 year outcome of periodontal surgical and nonsurgical therapy. SN - 0022-3492 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9926766/The_prevalence_of_Actinobacillus_actinomycetemcomitans_Porphyromonas_gingivalis_and_Bacteroides_forsythus_in_humans_1_year_after_4_randomized_treatment_modalities_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.1998.69.12.1364 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -