Endoscopic ligation for non-esophageal variceal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage.Endoscopy. 1998 Nov; 30(9):774-7.E
Endoscopic ligation can be used for bleeding lesions in non-fibrotic tissue; however, only small numbers of patients with non-esophageal variceal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage have been treated in this way. To evaluate the utility of the technique, we performed the procedure to treat hemorrhage not from esophageal varices during emergency endoscopy.
PATIENTS AND METHODS
Bleeding was identified from gastric Dieulafoy's ulcers (n=4), duodenal ulcers (n=3), gastric angiodysplasia (n=2) and Mallory-Weiss tears (n=3). The bleeding points were aspirated and controlled by endoscopic ligation and complete hemostasis was achieved in all cases.
Although these lesions were located in difficult areas where endoscopic injection therapy and clipping sometimes fail, endoscopic ligation was performed easily and effectively without complications. Six of the patients had severe underlying disease, including acute and chronic myelogenous leukemia, liver cirrhosis and chronic renal failure; none suffered deterioration in their general condition after endoscopic ligation.
Our findings suggest that endoscopic ligation is an easy and effective method of treatment for patients with gastrointestinal hemorrhage not from esophageal varices, and is safe even in patients with poor general health.