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Prospective randomized study comparing the long-acting gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist triptorelin, flutamide, and cyproterone acetate, used in combination with an oral contraceptive, in the treatment of hirsutism.
Fertil Steril. 1999 Jan; 71(1):122-8.FS

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To compare triptorelin, cyproterone acetate (CPA), and flutamide, in combination with an oral contraceptive, in the treatment of hirsutism.

DESIGN

Prospective randomized study.

SETTING(S)

Tertiary care hospital.

PATIENT(S)

Thirty-nine hirsute women with idiopathic or functional ovarian hyperandrogenism.

INTERVENTION(S)

Patients were randomly assigned to receive triptorelin (3.75 mg IM every 28 days), CPA (100 mg/d orally on days 1-10 of the menstrual cycle), or flutamide (250 mg orally twice daily). All the patients also received a triphasic oral contraceptive.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S)

Before and after 3 and 9 months of treatment, the Ferriman-Gallwey score, hepatic function, and gonadal and adrenal steroid profiles were evaluated.

RESULTS

Thirty-three patients completed the 9-month study period. The Ferriman-Gallwey score decreased in all the groups. In the patients treated with CPA or flutamide, a decrease in the hirsutism score was noted as soon as after 3 months of treatment. This decrease was more pronounced after 9 months of treatment, especially in the patients who received flutamide, who had lower hirsutism scores compared with the other treatment groups. None of the patients had abnormal liver function test results. There was a mild increase in serum lipid concentrations, mostly in the group treated with triptorelin.

CONCLUSION(S)

Triptorelin, CPA, and flutamide are effective drugs for the treatment of hirsutism. Flutamide results in a greater reduction in the hirsutism score, but CPA also offers satisfactory results at a much lower cost. Triptorelin has no advantages over flutamide and CPA, and is the most expensive of the three drugs tested.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Endocrinology, Hospital Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, Spain.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9935128

Citation

Pazos, F, et al. "Prospective Randomized Study Comparing the Long-acting Gonadotropin-releasing Hormone Agonist Triptorelin, Flutamide, and Cyproterone Acetate, Used in Combination With an Oral Contraceptive, in the Treatment of Hirsutism." Fertility and Sterility, vol. 71, no. 1, 1999, pp. 122-8.
Pazos F, Escobar-Morreale HF, Balsa J, et al. Prospective randomized study comparing the long-acting gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist triptorelin, flutamide, and cyproterone acetate, used in combination with an oral contraceptive, in the treatment of hirsutism. Fertil Steril. 1999;71(1):122-8.
Pazos, F., Escobar-Morreale, H. F., Balsa, J., Sancho, J. M., & Varela, C. (1999). Prospective randomized study comparing the long-acting gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist triptorelin, flutamide, and cyproterone acetate, used in combination with an oral contraceptive, in the treatment of hirsutism. Fertility and Sterility, 71(1), 122-8.
Pazos F, et al. Prospective Randomized Study Comparing the Long-acting Gonadotropin-releasing Hormone Agonist Triptorelin, Flutamide, and Cyproterone Acetate, Used in Combination With an Oral Contraceptive, in the Treatment of Hirsutism. Fertil Steril. 1999;71(1):122-8. PubMed PMID: 9935128.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prospective randomized study comparing the long-acting gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist triptorelin, flutamide, and cyproterone acetate, used in combination with an oral contraceptive, in the treatment of hirsutism. AU - Pazos,F, AU - Escobar-Morreale,H F, AU - Balsa,J, AU - Sancho,J M, AU - Varela,C, PY - 1999/2/6/pubmed PY - 1999/2/6/medline PY - 1999/2/6/entrez SP - 122 EP - 8 JF - Fertility and sterility JO - Fertil Steril VL - 71 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To compare triptorelin, cyproterone acetate (CPA), and flutamide, in combination with an oral contraceptive, in the treatment of hirsutism. DESIGN: Prospective randomized study. SETTING(S): Tertiary care hospital. PATIENT(S): Thirty-nine hirsute women with idiopathic or functional ovarian hyperandrogenism. INTERVENTION(S): Patients were randomly assigned to receive triptorelin (3.75 mg IM every 28 days), CPA (100 mg/d orally on days 1-10 of the menstrual cycle), or flutamide (250 mg orally twice daily). All the patients also received a triphasic oral contraceptive. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Before and after 3 and 9 months of treatment, the Ferriman-Gallwey score, hepatic function, and gonadal and adrenal steroid profiles were evaluated. RESULTS: Thirty-three patients completed the 9-month study period. The Ferriman-Gallwey score decreased in all the groups. In the patients treated with CPA or flutamide, a decrease in the hirsutism score was noted as soon as after 3 months of treatment. This decrease was more pronounced after 9 months of treatment, especially in the patients who received flutamide, who had lower hirsutism scores compared with the other treatment groups. None of the patients had abnormal liver function test results. There was a mild increase in serum lipid concentrations, mostly in the group treated with triptorelin. CONCLUSION(S): Triptorelin, CPA, and flutamide are effective drugs for the treatment of hirsutism. Flutamide results in a greater reduction in the hirsutism score, but CPA also offers satisfactory results at a much lower cost. Triptorelin has no advantages over flutamide and CPA, and is the most expensive of the three drugs tested. SN - 0015-0282 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9935128/Prospective_randomized_study_comparing_the_long_acting_gonadotropin_releasing_hormone_agonist_triptorelin_flutamide_and_cyproterone_acetate_used_in_combination_with_an_oral_contraceptive_in_the_treatment_of_hirsutism_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0015028298004142 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -