Elevated resting energy expenditure in adolescents with sickle cell anemia.J Am Diet Assoc 1999; 99(2):195-9JA
To assess the reliability of standard prediction equations in estimating resting energy expenditure (REE) values in adolescents with sickle cell anemia.
Body composition and metabolic measurements were performed in 8 adolescents, aged 11 to 18 years, with homozygous sickle cell anemia. REE was measured by indirect calorimetry under standard conditions, and measurements were compared with 4 prediction formulas (Harris-Benedict, Schofield, Mayo Clinic, and Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization/United Nations University). Fat-free mass was measured to assess REE per unit of actively metabolizing tissue. Fat-free mass was expressed as a mean of values obtained by densitometry, deuterium dilution, 40K-counting, and total body electrical conductivity.
Repeated measures analysis of variance was performed to determine whether measured REE values and predicted values differed. The Fischer test was used to identify which predicted values differed significantly from the measured REE.
All 4 prediction formulas significantly underestimated REE. Group mean values for the prediction formulas ranged from 83% to 89% of the measured value. REE averaged 47.7 +/- 10.0 kcal/kg fat-free mass per day, which is 30% to 50% higher than reported values in healthy adolescent populations.
These data suggest that REE is elevated in adolescents with sickle cell anemia. Standard equations used to predict REE are unreliable in these patients.
REE in patients with sickle cell anemia is best determined by indirect or direct measurement of energy expenditure. Clinically useful formulas to estimate REE should be developed for patients with conditions, including sickle cell anemia, where the metabolic rate may be altered.