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Unbound Medicine.
(Forensic Sci Int[TA])
10,253 results
  • Forensic intelligence teaching and learning in higher education: An international approach. [Journal Article]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2023 Jan 26; 344:111575.Morelato M, Cadola L, … Baechler S
  • Over the years, forensic science has primarily positioned itself as a service provider for the criminal justice system, following the dominant and traditional reactive law enforcement model. Unfortunately, this focus has limited its capacity to provide knowledge about crime systems and to support other forms of policing styles through forensic intelligence. Although forensic intelligence research…
  • Biodegradable plastics and their impact on fingermark detection methods. [Journal Article]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2023 Jan 20; 344:111571.Woodward H, Moret S, Chadwick S
  • The use of plastics is extremely prevalent in society, with most individuals likely to handle several plastic items per day. It is therefore not surprising that many exhibits recovered from the scene of a crime are plastics, which are processed and examined for traces such as fingermarks. Societal trends have been pushing towards more environmentally friendly products with alternatives to traditi…
  • When the red-lined carrion beetle disrupts successional dynamics on large vertebrate carcasses. [Journal Article]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2023 Jan 20; 344:111570.Popescu LE, Losier C, Moreau G
  • In a field study of insect colonization on domestic pig carcasses, the typical colonization sequence took a different turn midway through decomposition when Necrodes surinamensis (Fabricius) (Coleoptera: Silphidae) dramatically increased in abundance on some carcasses. This provided an opportunity to test the prediction that N. surinamensis would aggregate at clumped carcasses but not as much at …
  • Quality analysis of the completion of death certificates in Madrid. [Journal Article]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2023 Jan 19; 343:111568.Pinto Pastor P, Dorado Fernández E, … Santiago-Sáez A
  • The Death Certificate (DC) is an important medical-legal. However, despite its importance, the professionals involved are not well trained and consequently there exist many errors in completion. This situation can cause misclassification in mortality statistics, but also it means that many natural deaths end up being studied by the medical examiner, entailing a waste of resources. An analysis of …
  • Developing a male-specific age predictive model based on Y-CpGs for forensic analysis. [Journal Article]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2023 Jan 11; 343:111566.Jiang L, Zhang K, … Song F
  • In forensic work, predicting the age of the criminal suspect or victim could provide beneficial clues for investigation. Epigenetic age estimation based on age-correlated DNA methylation has been one of the most widely studied methods of age estimation. However, almost all available epigenetic age prediction models are based on autosomal CpGs, which are only applicable to single-source DNA sample…
  • Preliminary investigation into isolation and extraction of DNA recovered from drug residues. [Journal Article]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2023 Jan 03; 343:111551.Bertram AM, Conlan XA, … Durdle AM
  • It is a commonly held belief that drug residues may affect the integrity of DNA and/or interfere with DNA analysis, and therefore DNA on drug paraphernalia and the associated drugs may be overlooked as a source of evidence. This study investigated whether DNA could be isolated from a drug residue-bearing surface to ascertain whether a forensically useful DNA profile could be obtained. Human blood…
  • Reporting on forensic biology findings given activity level issues in the Netherlands. [Journal Article]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2022 Dec 29; 343:111545.Kokshoorn B, Luijsterburg M
  • There appears to be some hesitation within the forensic biology community to formally evaluate and report on findings given activity level propositions. This hesitance in part stems from concerns about the lack of relevant data on the dynamics of biological traces and doubt about the relevance of such expert opinions to the trier of fact. At the Netherlands Forensic Institute formal evaluative op…
  • Implementation of a personal identification system using alveolar bone images. [Journal Article]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2023 Jan 04; 343:111548.Fujimoto H, Kimura-Kataoka K, … Takeshita H
  • CONCLUSIONS: This method was useful as a screening method for personal identification. In addition, system implementation was efficient and reduced human error. In the future, we aim to realize a more efficient personal identification method using distortion-corrected images and including auto-detective landmarks using deep learning.
  • Not all identification conclusions are equal: Quantifying the strength of fingerprint decisions. [Journal Article]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2023 Jan 02; 343:111543.Busey T, Coon M
  • In the pattern comparison disciplines, forensic practitioners evaluate two impressions with respect to the same-source and different-sources propositions. The results are communicated using a pre-determined conclusion scale, and in the friction ridge discipline Identification is typically the highest category on the scale for reporting evidence supporting the same source proposition. Although err…
  • The use of lipids from textiles as soft-tissue biomarkers of human decomposition. [Journal Article]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2022 Dec 24; 343:111547.Collins S, Stuart B, Ueland M
  • The ability to determine the post-mortem interval (PMI) in complex death investigations involving human remains, is a vital task faced by law enforcement. Establishing the PMI in a case can significantly aid in the reconstruction of forensically relevant events surrounding that death. However, due to the complexities surrounding the decomposition of human remains, the determination of the PMI sti…
  • Hair root staining with Hematoxylin: Increasing the rate of obtaining DNA profiles in forensic casework. [Journal Article]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2022 Dec 23; 343:111544.Admire L, Carson M, … Daniels T
  • Hair evidence collected during a forensic investigation has the potential to provide valuable sourcing information through DNA analysis of its root. Over time, hair examiners at the North Carolina State Crime Laboratory observed hair roots being sent for DNA analysis were not yielding profiles as expected. Recent advancements in the Forensic Biology Section's detection limits prompted research in…
  • Case closed - Wrappings and encasement delays and reduces fly presence on body parts. [Journal Article]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2023 Jan; 342:111542.Brownlow L, Young S, … Hopkins RJ
  • Homicide, particularly where a body has been concealed, is uniquely challenging for investigators to estimate the time of occurrence due to the methods employed by perpetrators to hide the body or its constituent parts from detection. The regularity of necrophagous insect lifecycles to determine minimum post-mortem interval (minPMI) is widely employed but remains an unreliable technique if used w…
  • Overview of cocaine identification by vibrational spectroscopy and chemometrics. [Review]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2023 Jan; 342:111540.John DK, Dos Santos Souza K, Ferrão MF
  • The use of non-destructive forensic methods for cocaine identification is of outstanding importance, given the amount of samples seized. Techniques such as ATR-FTIR, Raman, and NIR spectroscopy have become alternatives to circumvent this problem, as they allow fast, cheap analysis, and enable the reanalysis of samples. When combined with chemometrics, these spectroscopic methods can be used to de…
  • Identification of novel SNP markers for kinship analysis in the Korean population. [Journal Article]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2023 Jan; 342:111541.Youn BJ, Cho WC, … Kim CH
  • Kinship testing using genetic markers such as short tandem repeats (STRs) and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) is crucial for forensic analysis. Although STR markers have superior discriminatory power due to their highly polymorphic properties, they have several weak points in determining extended distant or complex relationships because of high mutation rates and low success rates in degra…
  • Dietary higenamine from Annonaceae family fruits as a possible source of unintentional doping. [Journal Article]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2023 Jan; 342:111539.Muniz-Santos R, Avezum J, … Cameron LC
  • Members of the genus Aconitum have been used for millennia, both as poisons and medicines, in Eastern culture. Higenamine has non-selective beta-agonist effects, activating both β1 and β2 adrenoreceptors, and is present in a variety of plants. The World Anti-Doping Agency has banned Higenamine both in competition and out of competition. Due to the common uses of higenamine in Brazilian culture, b…
  • Fatal penetrating iliac wound: A case report with determination of physical activity and time to collapse. [Case Reports]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2023 Jan; 342:111537.Allain C, Godard E, … Farrugia A
  • A case of fatal left iliac penetrating wound in a thirty-year-old man, during a fight, was presented. The medical file described a transfixing five-centimeter large wound on the left iliac vein and a puncture wound on the left iliac artery. After performing an autopsy, we concluded that the death was secondary to multivisceral failure, secondary to hemorrhagic shock. The judge investigating the c…
  • Utility and diagnostic value of postmortem microbiology associated with histology for forensic purposes. [Journal Article]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2023 Jan; 342:111534.Stefano T, Francesca M, … Riccardo Z
  • Nowadays, the diagnostic value of postmortem microbiological investigations is still a debated topic, but postmortem microbiology (PMM) remains a discipline with great forensic potential. To evaluate the usefulness and diagnostic-forensic value of postmortem microbiological cultures, it has been conducted a study on cadaveric material sampled during autopsy aiming to identify the correct cause of…
  • Internal standard metabolites for estimating origin blood volume of bloodstains. [Journal Article]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2023 Jan; 342:111533.Lee S, Lee YR, … Kang HG
  • The volume of blood leaked from blood vessels may change due to evaporation of water under the natural influence of the external environment. Bloodstains and dried blood spots (DBS), which describes blood dried in the external environment, are similar in their production and their metabolite quantification profiles. In both bloodstain metabolite analysis in the forensic science field and DBS meta…
  • Solving the inverse problem of post-mortem interval estimation using Bayesian Belief Networks. [Journal Article]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2023 Jan; 342:111536.Giles S, Errickson D, … Márquez-Grant N
  • Bayesian Belief Networks (BBNs) can be applied to solve inverse problems such as the post-mortem interval (PMI) by a simple and logical graphical representation of conditional dependencies between multiple taphonomic variables and the observable decomposition effect. This study is the first cross-comparison retrospective study of human decomposition across three different geographical regions. To…
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