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Unbound Medicine.
(Forensic Sci Int[TA])
9,804 results
  • Predicting suitability of finger marks using machine learning techniques and examiner annotations. [Journal Article]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2021 Feb 05; 320:110712.Eldridge H, De Donno M, Champod C
  • Previous research has established the variability of examiners in reaching suitability determinations for friction ridge comparisons. Attempts to create predictive models to assist in this determination have been made, but have been largely confined to fully automated processes that focus on suitability for AFIS entry. This work develops, optimizes, and validates a hybrid predictive model that ut…
  • High-field and benchtop NMR spectroscopy for the characterization of new psychoactive substances. [Review]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2021 Feb 04; 321:110718.Castaing-Cordier T, Ladroue V, … Farjon J
  • New psychoactive substances (NPS) have become a serious threat to public health in Europe due to their ability to be sold in the street or on the darknet. Regulating NPS is an urgent priority but comes with a number of analytical challenges since they are structurally similar to legal products. A number of analytical techniques can be used for identifying NPS, among which NMR spectroscopy is a go…
  • Judges and forensic science education: A national survey. [Journal Article]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2021 Jan 30; 321:110714.Garrett BL, Gardner BO, … Grimes P
  • In criminal cases, forensic science reports and expert testimony play an increasingly important role in adjudication. More states now follow a federal reliability standard, which calls upon judges to assess the reliability and validity of scientific evidence. Little is known about how judges view their own background in forensic scientific evidence, and what types of specialized training they rec…
  • A DWT-SVD based robust digital watermarking for medical image security. [Journal Article]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2021 Jan 13; 320:110691.Zermi N, Khaldi A, … Euschi S
  • In this work, we propose a blind watermarking approach for medical image protection. In this approach, the watermark will be constituted of the Electronic Patient Record and the image acquisition data. In order to enhance the security and guarantee the data integrity, the Electronic Patient Record hash will be added to the watermark. The integration process is based on a DWT-SVD combination, a DW…
  • Contemporary issues in forensic science-Worldwide survey results. [Journal Article]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2021 Feb 04; 320:110704.Airlie M, Robertson J, … Brooks E
  • Forensic science continues to be openly challenged and criticized. The aim of this study was to gain an understanding of forensic workplaces and the perceived current and potential future issues from forensic scientists via a detailed survey. An online survey was designed and disseminated to forensic practitioners and researchers worldwide. 544 participants from more than 20 countries took part i…
  • A dataset for evaluating blood detection in hyperspectral images. [Journal Article]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2021 Jan 21; 320:110701.Romaszewski M, Głomb P, … Cholewa M
  • The sensitivity of imaging spectroscopy to haemoglobin derivatives makes it a promising tool for detecting blood. However, due to complexity and high dimensionality of hyperspectral images, the development of hyperspectral blood detection algorithms is challenging. To facilitate their development, we present a new hyperspectral blood detection dataset. This dataset, published under an open access…
  • Carfentanil - from an animal anesthetic to a deadly illicit drug. [Review]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2021 Jan 30; 320:110715.Zawilska JB, Kuczyńska K, … Adamowicz P
  • The use of novel synthetic opioids as recreational drugs has become a public health concern as they are implicated in numerous fatal intoxications across the world. Synthetic opioids have played a major role in the United States opioid crisis and may contribute to a similar opioid epidemic in Europe. The most prominent group of designer opioids consists of fentanyl and its analogues. At present, …
  • A comparison of reverse projection and PhotoModeler for suspect height analysis. [Journal Article]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2021 Jan 22; 320:110690.Liscio E, Guryn H, … Olver A
  • The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracy and precision between the Reverse Projection and PhotoModeler methods for suspect height analysis. Thirty analysts were assigned to measure the heights of three different suspects, one for each method, with the suspects having been recorded standing at three different distances in a scene. For Reverse Projection, the analysts were provided wit…
  • Prevalence of DNA of regular occupants in vehicles. [Journal Article]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2021 Jan 30; 320:110713.De Wolff TR, Aarts LHJ, … Kokshoorn B
  • People will deposit, redistribute and remove biological traces when they interact with their environment. Understanding the dynamics of trace DNA is crucial to assess both the optimal sampling strategy to recover traces and the relevance of DNA evidence in the context of a case. This paper addresses the prevalence of DNA of drivers, passengers, and unknown individuals in vehicles. Five vehicles w…
  • Using case specific experiments to evaluate fingermarks on knives given activity level propositions. [Journal Article]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2021 Jan 30; Ronde A, Kokshoorn B, … de Poot CJ
  • Bayesian networks have shown to be a useful tool for the evaluation of forensic findings given activity level propositions. In this paper, we demonstrate how case specific experiments can be used to assign probabilities to the states of the nodes of a Bayesian network for the evaluation of fingermarks given activity level propositions. The transfer, persistence and recovery of fingermarks on kniv…
  • Age estimation in the living: A scoping review of population data for skeletal and dental methods. [Review]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2021 Jan 14; 320:110689.Cummaudo M, De Angelis D, … Cattaneo C
  • Age estimation of living individuals has become a crucial part of the forensic practice, especially due to the global increase in cross-border migration. The low rate of birth registration in many countries, hence of identification documents of migrants, especially in Africa and Asia, highlights the importance of reliable methods for age estimation of living individuals. Despite the fact that a n…
  • An integrated system for forensic DNA testing of sexual assault cases in the Philippines. [Journal Article]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2021; 3:100133.Rodriguez JJRB, Laude RP, De Ungria MCA
  • In the Philippines, more than 7000 cases of sexual assault are reported annually. DNA technology is a powerful tool in identifying assailants. However, it is not routinely used in sexual assault investigations due to insufficient government support to cover the high cost of DNA testing and the absence of a national system for sample collection, handling, storage, and DNA testing of biological evi…
  • Spanish Civil War: The recovery and identification of combatants. [Journal Article]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2021 Jan 28; 320:110706.Herrasti L, Márquez-Grant N, Etxeberria F
  • In the context of exhumations of individuals who died during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939), since the year 2000, over 780 mass graves have been excavated using archaeological methodology and following forensic protocols. Most of the recovered more than 9600 bodies have tended to be from the Republican civil population, the majority having been executed extrajudicially. However, a number of ex…
  • Evaluation of three microhaplotypes in individual identification and ancestry inference. [Journal Article]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2021 Jan 10; 320:110681.Zhang Y, Wang S, … Zhang S
  • Microhaplotype as an emerging genetic marker has attracted more attention in forensic field. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential of microhaplotypes in individual identification and ancestry inference in Chinese Hainan Li and 26 1000 G populations. Three microhaplotypes were genotyped from 100 Li individuals using Agena MassARRAY. Moreover, 2504 individuals from 26 populations …
  • Whodunit? A reconstruction study in a case of one-handed strangulation. [Journal Article]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2021 Jan 27; 320:110708.Braun C, Graw M, Peschel O
  • A 27-year old woman reported an attack by her ex-partner. According to her, he suddenly started to strangle her with his left hand, using a claw-like grip against her throat. After 30-60 seconds the victim reacted by kicking the attacker in the groin, thereby disrupting the strangulation. During the court hearing, pictures of the strangulation marks taken by the police were shown as evidence. Fro…
  • Minor migrants' age estimation: Comparison of two dental methods. [Journal Article]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2021; 3:100134.Lupariello F, Gabriele A, … Di Vella G
  • In case of minor migrants, absence of valid identification documents that clearly define age is a critical issue, because without these data the child cannot enjoy the rights provided by the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Differentiation between minors and adults is fundamental when age is disputed in human identification, asylum seeking, criminal liability, and child abuse fields. Few in…
  • Severe acute intoxication with yohimbine: Four simultaneous poisoning cases. [Case Reports]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2021 Jan 27; 320:110705.Zhu L, Han X, … Gong W
  • Yohimbine is an indole alkaloid from the leaves and bark of the Pausinystalia johimbe tree that has acquired an enviable reputation in treating erectile dysfunction. This report presents four simultaneous severe poisoning/death cases caused by yohimbine. The test samples comprised the venous blood of four middle-aged men (aged 47-65) who were suspected of poisoning; one of the men died due to ine…
  • Forensic investigation of war graves from WWI and WWII in Hungary. [Journal Article]
    Forensic Sci Int. 2021 Jan 13; 320:110688.Dudás E, Stier M, Czidor D
  • The Hungarian war grave care professionals weren't in an easy situation when they started the work because, until 2012, the burial places of Hungarian soldiers had no legal protection. It was necessary to develop legal regulations and scientific methods. Since this is a multidisciplinary field, the work is quite compound as many professionals from different field of sciences work together. This w…
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