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(Physical Therapy[TA])
6,520 results
  • Preoperative Quadriceps Muscle Strength and Functional Ability Predict Performance-Based Outcomes 6 Months After Total Knee. [Journal Article]
  • PTPhys Ther 2018 Oct 17
  • Devasenapathy N, Maddison R, … Belavy DL
  • CONCLUSIONS: Low-quality evidence exists for an association of preoperative functional ability and quadriceps muscle strength with functionality at 6 months after TKA. There is a need for improving the reporting of predictor analyses to enable evidence generation for clinical management. Osteoarthritis of the knee is an age related degenerative condition leading to considerable disability.1,2 Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a well-established procedure for end stage osteoarthritis3 and has been shown to significantly improve pain, function, and quality of life.4,5 Evidence from systematic reviews of observational studies of patients undergoing TKA have shown improvements in walking speed,6 rates of return to work7 or sports.8 Since its inception in 1970, both the surgical procedure and the prosthesis have evolved over the years,9 leading to early recovery, greater range of motion, and longer prosthesis survival. Consequently there has been an increase in the use of this procedure across developed and developing nations10-12 with a demographic shift towards younger (less than 60 years) persons.13.
  • Improving Physical Activity Through Adjunct Telerehabilitation Following Total Knee. [Journal Article]
  • PTPhys Ther 2018 Oct 17
  • Kline PW, Melanson EL, … Christiansen CL
  • CONCLUSIONS: This trial will assess the efficacy of a novel behavior-change intervention to improve physical activity and physical function in patients after TKA. Effective physical activity behavior-change may provide clinicians with a technique to augment current practice and resolve poor physical activity outcomes, long-term health problems, and high costs following TKA. We will conduct an assessor-blinded randomized controlled trial (RCT) to determine if a telehealth-based physical activity behavior-change intervention: (1) improves physical activity; and (2) improves physical function. Lastly, to explore the effect of physical activity on health outcomes, we will document healthcare utilization during the 18 months following TKA. We hypothesize that the intervention group will have greater increases in physical activity and physical function than a control group from preoperative to post-intervention, and the group differences will persist six months following the intervention.
  • Description of the Services, Activities, and Interventions Within School-Based Physical Therapist Practices Across the United States. [Journal Article]
  • PTPhys Ther 2018 Oct 17
  • Jeffries LM, McCoy SW, … Tezanos AGV
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our description of services is provided to encourage physical therapists to reflect on the services they provide and to foster future examinations of service effectiveness. Since 1975, students with disabilities have received school-based physical therapy services through the Education of All Handicapped Children's Act of 1975 (PL 94-142),1 its amendments, and currently under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA) of 2004.2 School-based physical therapists are related service providers whose focus is to assist students to benefit from special education services.1,2 Physical therapy services support the student's academic and functional goals as determined by the individualized education program (IEP) team which includes school personnel, related service providers, parents, and when appropriate the student. Services should be based on peer-reviewed research to the extent practicable.2.
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