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Unbound Medicine.
(Veterinary and human toxicology.[TA])
2,604 results
  • Melatonin exposures reported to Texas poison centers in 1998-2003. [Journal Article]
    Vet Hum Toxicol. 2004 Dec; 46(6):345-6.Forrester MB
  • Melatonin regulates circadian rhythms, and although widely used in the US, information on the public use of melatonin and patterns of reported adverse effects associated with the substance is limited. To describe the patterns of melatonin calls to poison centers in Texas during 1998-2003, data on all melatonin calls reported to the Texas Poison Center Network were analyzed. During 1998-2003, ther…
  • Acute pesticide poisoning related deaths in Turkey. [Journal Article]
    Vet Hum Toxicol. 2004 Dec; 46(6):342-4.Nesime Y, Lokman B, … Mustafa K
  • This study determined the spectrum of deaths due to acute agrochemical poisoning in Turkey. Data was obtained from all autopsy reports performed between 1997 and 2001, compiled by the Institute of Forensic Medicine (which is a department of the Ministry of Justice), and evaluated retrospectively. There were 3990 deaths by intoxication of one form or another. Acute agrochemical/pesticide poisoning…
  • Two plant fish-poisons in Lebanon. [Journal Article]
    Vet Hum Toxicol. 2004 Dec; 46(6):338-9.Hepper FN
  • The use of a powder for poisoning sea fish off Lebanon is reported for the first time. The powder is prepared from the seeds of storax (Styrax officinalis L) and tubers of common cyclamen (Cyclamen persicum Mill.), both species growing wild in Lebanon. References to the properties of these species are provided.
  • A screening study of xylitol binding in vitro to activated charcoal. [Journal Article]
    Vet Hum Toxicol. 2004 Dec; 46(6):336-7.Cope RB
  • Ingestion of foods containing the sweetener xylitol by dogs results in a significant, and often sustained, insulin-mediated hypoglycemic crisis. The efficacy of activated charcoal for gastrointestinal decontamination following xylitol ingestion is unknown. This screening study examined the effect of pH and incubation time on the in vitro binding of xylitol to activated charcoal. The mean percenta…
  • An analysis of 682 adult poisonings in Central Anatolia of Turkey. [Journal Article]
    Vet Hum Toxicol. 2004 Dec; 46(6):335-6.Kekec Z, Gŭnay N, … Sungur M
  • We defined patient demographics, type of the poisoning, distribution according to month, route and reason for exposure, mortality causes and rates from 682 poisonings admitted to University Hospital in Kayseri, Turkey to evaluate whether they follow the pattern of other countries. Poisoning were drugs (54.5%), inhalational poisonings including carbon monoxide (13.7%), food (12.4%), alcohol (7%), …
  • Antimony toxicity from the use of tartar emetic for the treatment of alcohol abuse. [Case Reports]
    Vet Hum Toxicol. 2004 Dec; 46(6):331-3.Tarabar AF, Khan Y, … Hoffman RS
  • Antimony is a poisonous element with toxic properties that mimic those of arsenic. Numerous reports describe gastrointestinal complications of vomiting, diarrhea and stomatitis associated with antimony exposure. However, antimony toxicity from the use of tartar emetic as a treatment for alcohol abuse has never been described previously. A 19-y-o man with a history of alcohol abuse ingested a 10 m…
  • The inkjet cleaner "Hurricane"--another GhB recipe. [Case Reports]
    Vet Hum Toxicol. 2004 Dec; 46(6):329-30.Yambo CM, McFee RB, … McGuigan M
  • Gamma hydroxybutyrate (GHB) is widey used as a sexual enhancement drug, a euphoriant, muscle building agent, a sleep aid, a weight loss agent, and as a date rapeagent. Precursor ingredients such as gammabutyrolactone (GBL) and GHB recipes are available, especially via the Internet. This is a report of an organic inkjet cleaner containing a GHB precursor 1,4-butanediol and butylenegycol. A 26-y-o …
  • Lead poisoning in cattle grazing pasture contaminated by industrial waste. [Journal Article]
    Vet Hum Toxicol. 2004 Dec; 46(6):326-8.Lemos RA, Driemeier D, … Barros CS
  • Lead poisoning is described in a herd of 120 Nelore cows of which 35 were affected. All affected cows died after a clinical course of 2-7 d with clinical signs related to cortical neurological disturbances. The source of Pb was fumes from a car battery recycling plant which has had a failure in its filtering system. Lead concentrations in liver and kidneys of 2 cows, in soil; and in grass where t…
  • An unusual presentation from xylazine-ketamine. [Case Reports]
    Vet Hum Toxicol. 2004 Dec; 46(6):324-5.Arican FO, Okan T, … Guneri S
  • Veterinary anesthestics have gained popularity as drugs of abuse. A case of multiple drug abuse by a 36-y-old veterinarian involved the injection of xylazine-ketamine, resulting in gastrointestinal, cardiovascular and central nervous system effects, and unexpected hypertension, tachycardia and electrocardiogram changes.
  • Prolonged hemolysis and methemoglobinemia following organic copper fungicide ingestion. [Case Reports]
    Vet Hum Toxicol. 2004 Dec; 46(6):321-3.Yang CC, Wu ML, Deng JF
  • Acute ingestion of copper sulfate has been reported to cause gastrointestinal injury, hemolysis, methemoglobinemia, hepatorenal failure, shock; or even death. The toxicity of organocopper compounds, however, remains largely unknown. A 40-y-old man attempted suicide by ingesting some 50 ml of Sesamine fungicide. He immediately developed headache, vomiting and abdominal pain, followed by progressiv…
  • Chemical injury to the tongue following contact with sodium hydroxide drain cleaner. [Case Reports]
    Vet Hum Toxicol. 2004 Dec; 46(6):319-21.Yanturali S, Yaka E, Ersoy G
  • Solid sodium hydroxide compounds are used to unclog drains. In Turkey, these agents are easily available and commonly used by housewives. They are sold in weak bags and usually stored within these bags. We present the case of an elderly woman with dementia who developed severe alkaline tongue burn and edema after unintentional short contact with solid sodium hydroxide drain cleaner. Official legi…
  • Acute sheep poisoning from a copper sulfate footbath. [Journal Article]
    Vet Hum Toxicol. 2004 Dec; 46(6):315-8.Ortolani EL, Antonelli AC, de Souza Sarkis JE
  • An outbreak of footrot occurred in a flock of Corriedale sheep; 27 animals were treated with antibiotic and footbathed in a 5% copper sulfate solution. Being deprived of water for > 17 h, many sheep drank the footbath solution. After 6 h 16 sheep became ill with acute copper poisoning, 10 animals died within 10 h; 6 were severely ill and were sent to Veterinary Hospital, and 4 had mild signs and …
  • Vietnamese centipede envenomation. [Case Reports]
    Vet Hum Toxicol. 2004 Dec; 46(6):312-3.Bouchard NC, Chan GM, Hoffman RS
  • The Vietnamese centipede (Scolopendra subspinipes) is one of the largest and most aggressive tropical centipedes. It has become a popular pet among arthropod enthusiasts and the general public. Despite their reputation, few well-documented cases of envenomation are reported in the medical literature. A 53-yo man developed severe pain, swelling and erythema of his left hand and forearm after being…
  • Focal symmetrical encephalomalacia in swine from ingestion of Aeschynomene indica seeds. [Journal Article]
    Vet Hum Toxicol. 2004 Dec; 46(6):309-11.Oliveira FN, Barros RR, … Barros CS
  • A spontaneous outbreak of neurological disease in swine caused by the ingestion of Aeschynomene indica seeds and reproduction of the disease in the same specie are reported. In the natural outbreak the morbidity, mortality and lethality rates were respectively 25%-40%, 8.5%-20%, and 25%-66%. Clinical signs were variable degrees of incoordination of gait, falls, sternal recumbency with wide base s…
  • Clinical course of a loxosceles spider bite in Turkey. [Case Reports]
    Vet Hum Toxicol. 2004 Dec; 46(6):306-8.Atilla R, Cevik AA, … Yanturali S
  • We report the first case from Turkey of a dermonecrotic wound associated with possible Loxosceles spider bite and offer the complete clinical course that resulted in a permanent scar. Emergency physicians in western Turkey should be aware of Loxosceles spider bites as a cause of necrotizing wounds.
  • Field observations in pigs exposed to fumonisin B1 contaminated feed. [Journal Article]
    Vet Hum Toxicol. 2004 Dec; 46(6):303-5.De Liguoro M, Petterino C, … Ravarotto L
  • Fourteen pigs, fed during the last 5 mo of rearing on fumonisin B1 naturally contaminated feed, were evaluated for hematological and biochemical effects. After slaughtering of the animals, the liver and 1 kidney underwent histopathological examination; the other kidney was tested by HPLC for fumonisin B1 residues. With feed contamination of 2 and 22 mg fumonisin B1/kg, the calculated daily intake…
  • Cytochrome P450-mediated activation and toxicity of chlorpyrifos in male and female rats. [Journal Article]
    Vet Hum Toxicol. 2004 Dec; 46(6):297-9.Dalvi RR, Dalvi PS, Lane C
  • This study compared CYP-mediated activation and toxicity of chlorpyrifos (CPF) in male and female rats, since gender difference in CPF toxicity in rats has been reported. A dose of 50 mg/kg of CPF in corn oil was administered ip to 2 groups of male and female rats while the respective control groups received the vehicle alone. Measurement of cholinesterase activity in brain showed no difference i…
  • Can textbook covers be used to increase poison center utilization? [Journal Article]
    Vet Hum Toxicol. 2004 Oct; 46(5):285-6.Yudizky M, Grisemer P, … Garrison J
  • An education program was implemented at a regional poison center to increase use of a new nationwide 800 number (800/222-1222) in counties in our region that had low rates of utilization. We identified 10 counties with the lowest utilization rates and provided textbook covers to the elementary and secondary schools in these areas. The covers contained the poison help logo and information about wh…
  • Life-threatening isopropyl alcohol intoxication: is hemodialysis really necessary? [Journal Article]
    Vet Hum Toxicol. 2004 Oct; 46(5):282-4.Trullas JC, Aguilo S, … Nogue S
  • Isopropyl alcohol (IPA) is widely used in industrial and home-cleaning products, easily available to general public and inexpensive: intoxications can occur unintentionally, in suicide attempts or by alcohol abusers as a substitute for ethanol. Symptoms involve the gastrointestinal tract, central nervous system and at high doses cardiovascular manifestations may appear. Ketonemia, ketonuria witho…
  • Fatal yew (Taxus sp) poisoning in Willamette Valley, Oregon, horses. [Case Reports]
    Vet Hum Toxicol. 2004 Oct; 46(5):279-81.Cope RB, Camp C, Lohr CV
  • Despite the well-founded reputation of plants of the genus Taxus as being amongst the most toxic plants for domestic livestock in the US, there are surprisingly few published case reports of yew poisoning in horses. This report documents 2 acute fatalities in horses in the central Willamette Valley, OR associated with the consumption of Taxus sp. The predominant features of the intoxication were …
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