Amelogenesis imperfecta, a group of hereditary conditions primarily affecting the enamel, has been associated with dental anomalies, including taurodontism, congenitally missing teeth, delayed eruption, crown resorption, and abnormal enamel density. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of these anomalies in an amelogenesis imperfecta population. The study group consisted of members of 9 unrelated families--22 family members with amelogenesis imperfecta and 13 unaffected family members. Panoramic radiographs were evaluated for taurodontism, congenitally missing teeth, delayed tooth eruption, pathologic dental resorption, pulp calcification, and radiographic enamel density. The prevalence of taurodontism was similar in people with amelogenesis imperfecta and normal people; all of the remaining parameters were more commonly observed in people with amelogenesis imperfecta. The radiographic enamel density was quantitatively reduced in teeth affected by amelogenesis imperfecta in comparison with teeth with normal enamel. These findings suggest that some of the features associated with amelogenesis imperfecta result from abnormal enamel formation (eg, decreased enamel density, crown resorption) whereas others may occur as a result of expression of the genetic mutation in cells other than ameloblasts (eg, abnormal eruption, pulp calcification).